Tag Archives: man

In ‘Scopes monkey trial’ home, an evolution debate rages on

In 1925, two of America’s most renowned figures faced off in the southeast Tennessee town of Dayton to debate a burning issue — whether man evolved over millions of years or was created by God in his present form.

Today, only one of the two, the Christian orator William Jennings Bryan, is commemorated with a statue on the courthouse lawn.

A group of atheists hopes to change that.

Bryan defended the Biblical account while trial lawyer and skeptic Clarence Darrow defended evolution in the “Scopes monkey trial” — formally, Tennessee vs. John Thomas Scopes. The case became front-page news nationwide and is memorialized in songs, books, plays and movies.

Nearly a century later, the debate pitting evolution against the biblical account of creation rages on nationally and locally. Nearly all scientists accept evolution, but many Christians see it as incompatible with their faith. Just two years ago in Dayton, professors at a Christian college named for Bryan were fired in a dispute over whether Adam and Eve were historical people.

One might expect a town that reveres Bryan to resist efforts to memorialize his antagonist, but Reed Johnson, managing editor of The Herald-News in Dayton, said that vocal resistance hasn’t materialized. He doesn’t recall angry letters to the editor.

County Commissioner Bill Hollin said he doesn’t think many people are aware of the effort, but he’s against it and thinks others will join him. “I don’t see where it would help the community at all to put it up there,” he said.

Bryan, on the other hand, represents more than the Scopes trial, Hollin said. His legacy in Dayton includes the college that was founded in 1930 and educates many of the area’s young people.

Still, townspeople are resigned to the idea of a Darrow statue, said Christian writer Rachel Held Evans, a Bryan College alumna.

“I think there is a sense that, ‘Oh, it’s only fair. We have our side, and they have their side. We have our statue, and they have their statue,” she said.

Ed Larson, who wrote a Pulitzer Prize-winning book about the trial called “Summer for the Gods,” said that Dayton has historically been hospitable to both sides, and that outrage over the teaching of evolution in 1925 was manufactured.

The trial is often remembered as the persecution of teacher Scopes for teaching evolution, which Tennessee had outlawed, but it actually began as a publicity stunt for Dayton, Larson said.

Larsen explained that locals had responded to a newspaper advertisement by the American Civil Liberties Union looking for someone to test Tennessee’s anti-evolution law in court. No one had complained about Scopes or his teaching; he was recruited to be the defendant, Larson said. Scopes never spent time in jail and was offered his job back after the trial, Larsen said — and Bryan even offered to pay his fine.

Evans said part of the trial’s legacy has been negative: a lasting sense that belief in evolution conflicts with Christianity, something she no longer believes.

“I grew up as a conservative evangelical, and we always heard about the trial that William Jennings Bryan was a hero who came in and put everyone in their place,” she said. “Even in college, I was told I could either believe in the Bible or I could believe in evolution.”

But many say part of the legacy is positive: Dayton has seen a stream of visitors to the red-brick courthouse in the town square that still looks much as it did when the judge moved the trial’s action onto the lawn — worried the floor would cave in from the weight of spectators — and Darrow began questioning Bryan’s views on the Bible.

The courthouse basement now holds a small museum. On the trial’s anniversary in July, a festival is held, with a courtroom play re-enacting trial scenes.

At this year’s festival, Dayton resident Richard DeArk sold hand-crafted earrings, some with a monkey theme, on the courthouse lawn near the Bryan statue. Asked about the Darrow statue, he said, “It’s about time!”

Tom Brady, the courthouse maintenance supervisor, said he hasn’t heard objections to the Darrow statue. “The trial helped Dayton,” he said.

Tom Davis, president of the Rhea County Historical and Genealogical Society, was asked to make a recommendation to the county executive about the two statues. He said in an interview that the group supported the Bryan statue in 2005 but realized at the time “if we do this, we’ll probably face a request for a Darrow statue one day, and we’ll probably have to support that.”

The American Humanist Association is raising money for the statue, but the creative side is the work of Pennsylvania sculptor Zenos Frudakis, who says Darrow is too important to the story to leave out.

Frudakis said he has the county executive’s permission to erect the statue opposite Bryan on the courthouse lawn as long as the county doesn’t have to spend any money on it and it is similar in size and style to the Bryan statue. But County Commissioner Hollin said he believes his panel will have to give its blessing first, something he does not see happening.

Frudakis said he is a fan of Darrow but doesn’t want his statue to be controversial.

“Right now they only have William Jennings Bryan there, standing alone,” Frudakis said. “Add Darrow, and it recreates the historical drama of 1925, the way it played out in the public eye and galvanized the nation.”

Steve Jobs seen as brilliant, brutal in new documentary

Four years after his death, Apple co-founder Steve Jobs still fascinates the public, with two major new films this fall analyzing his life and career.

For award-winning documentary maker Alex Gibney, it is also time for re-assessing the hard-driving perfectionist who revolutionized the way people communicate but whose treatment of friends, family and co-workers was sometimes rife with contradiction.

“Steve Jobs: The Man in the Machine” breaks no new ground factually. But it contrasts the man who once aspired to be a Buddhist monk with the businessman who initially denied paternity of his first child and presided over a company that paid Chinese iPhone makers a pittance and pared back its philanthropic programs while reaping billions in profits.

“He had the focus of a monk, but none of the empathy,” Gibney comments in the film, whose tagline is “Bold. Brilliant. Brutal.”

The documentary, arriving in U.S. movie theaters on Sept. 4, uses archival footage of Jobs as well as interviews with journalists, some former friends and ex-Apple employees. Both Apple and Jobs’ widow Laurene declined to co-operate.

Gibney says he didn’t set out to vilify Jobs, whose death of pancreatic cancer in 2011 was mourned worldwide with an intensity usually afforded a rock star.

“The imperative for me to make this film was why so many people who didn’t know Steve Jobs were weeping when he left,” he said.

Apple, he added, has a cult aspect that fascinates him.

“There is a passion for the person and the products that is so deep that any criticism can’t be tolerated. Why should that be? Is it not possible that we can discuss how pitifully paid are the workers in China… even as we may admire some of the technological aspects of the Apple product?

“There seems to be a need to deify that stuff in a way that brooks all criticism, and that does verge sometimes on the religious,” Gibney said.

Gibney says there is one question he would have liked to ask Jobs, given the chance.

“He kept talking about values, the values of Apple. I would have asked Steve Jobs, ‘what are your values?’ Please express your values. That is what I would have liked to hear from him in an honest and straightforward way.”

Another film about Jobs, the feature movie “Steve Jobs” starring Michael Fassbender as the late Apple CEO, is due for release in October.

(Reporting By Jill Serjeant; Editing by Lisa Lambert)

NC church members indicted in beating of gay man

For Matthew Fenner, a crowd of parishioners gathering around him in a church sanctuary after a prayer service was a sign of trouble.

Within minutes, he said they began to berate him because he was gay. One woman told him he was “disgusting.” Then for two hours, they pushed and hit Fenner, screaming at him as they tried to “break me free of the homosexual ‘demons,’” he said in a police affidavit about the Jan. 27, 2013 attack.

Nearly two years later, five Word of Faith Fellowship church in Spindale, North Carolina, members have been indicted for kidnapping and assault in connection with Fenner’s beating.

But the case has opened new wounds in the rural North Carolina community where the church has been a lightning rod of controversy.

Now a student at the University of North Carolina, the 21-year-old Fenner told The Associated Press that he believed his life was in danger that night.

He said he had to press authorities to investigate his allegations because of the church’s influence in the community.

“The line between religion and abuse, they are crossing it quite severely. That’s why I’m doing this. They have to know you cannot hurt people,” he said.

But Joshua Farmer, whose law firm is representing the five church members, said that was nonsense.

“In short, this stuff is an absolute complete fabrication,” Farmer told the AP. “They are innocent of the charges.”

This is the latest controversy to surround the church founded in 1979 by Sam and Jane Whaley. The church, which has 750 members and operates a 35-acre complex in the rural community of Spindale, has been accused for years of enforcing extensive control over its congregation.

Former members say they were told by church leaders where to live and work, what to read, how to dress and when to have sex with their spouses.

Word of Faith also practices “blasting,” a form of hands-on, high-pitched, screaming prayer. The church says it doesn’t celebrate Christmas and other holidays because of their pagan origins.

The church was investigated twice in the late 1990s for its treatment of children but was cleared of any wrongdoing.

In recent years, national gay rights groups have criticized Word of Faith after several young men — whose parents are church members — claimed they were abused because they are gay.

“It’s pretty clear to me … that these individuals wanted to inflict pain on Matthew because of his sexual orientation,” said Brent Childers, executive director of Faith in America, a group that addresses harm done to gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people by “misguided religious teachings.”

Several telephone messages for church leaders, including Jane Whaley, were not returned. But Whaley has told the AP that her church has become a “target” — and they have spent millions in the past fighting off claims of abuse.

Rutherford County Sheriff Chris Francis and District Attorney Brad Greenway did not return telephone messages.

Justin Covington, 20, of Rutherfordton; Brooke Covington, 56, of Rutherfordton; Robert Walker Jr., 26, of Spindale; and Adam Bartley, 25, of Rutherfordton have been indicted on one count each of second-degree kidnapping and simple assault.

Sarah Covington Anderson, 27, of Rutherfordton, faces the same charges _ and one count of assault inflicting physical injury by strangulation. It’s unclear how the Covingtons are related, but the indictments show they live at the same Rutherfordton address.

The police documents and interviews with Fenner reveal details of the case.

Fenner’s family joined the church a few years ago at a time when Fenner said he was struggling with his sexuality.

He said he decided to attend the church and its school because of his mother.

“My mom and I were always really close and I just thought maybe I can keep an open mind and see if it works — see if I can change. Obviously, that was really a stupid decision because you can’t change who you are. But in my mind it seemed like the right thing to do,” he said.

During that period, he said he became a tutor, helping other students at the church, and going to services. He said church members suspected he was gay _ and later began harassing him, the police affidavit said.

But Fenner said nothing prepared him for what happened on Jan. 27, 2013.

After a nighttime church service, three members asked him to go to the back of the sanctuary.  In the affidavit, Fenner said the three were soon joined by about 20 others and they surrounded him. And that’s when “deliverance soon ensued.”

He said they began pushing him and hitting him and using “other violent measures” that were all part of the church’s way of trying to cure him of being gay.

It lasted about two hours before they let him leave.

When he got home, he said he told his mother, but she didn’t believe him _ even though he said he was covered in bruises.

He said he went to his grandparents’ house and he called the sheriff’s office. And he said that was the beginning of his struggle to get law enforcement to take action.

Transgender man sues NYC over locker room access

A transgender man who said he was harassed and then humiliated after he was booted from a male locker room at a public pool has sued New York City.

Bryan Ellicott, a 24-year-old city employee, said that after he entered the changing room last July, Parks Department workers got what he called a “complaint” about his presence and ordered him to leave and use the women’s section.

“They harassed and humiliated me,” he said at a news conference in front of State Supreme Court in Manhattan. “No one deserves to be treated that way.”

Ellicott, who works for the city’s Office of Emergency Management, said in court papers that his civil rights were violated when three Parks Department staff members discriminated against him based on his transgender identity. He’s asking for unspecified damages.

He’s also asking the court to rule that the city’s human rights law protects all transgender people in restrooms and locker rooms.

The Parks Department referred requests for comment to the city’s Law Department, which said it will review the lawsuit when served.

Michael Silverman, Ellicott’s lawyer with the Transgender Legal Defense and Education Fund, said Ellicott’s case is not unique.

“This happens to transgender people all the time all over New York and all over the country,” Silverman said. “It may sound simple to just use the bathroom but when you can’t, it makes your life awfully complicated.”

Ellicott is transitioning and taking hormone replacements, but has not yet had any surgery, according to the documents. He has a New York State driver’s license that recognizes him as a man.

The Manhattan resident was raised in Staten Island, where he returned last July 21 to use the pool. He wore male swimming trunks and a T-shirt that covered up the binder that compresses his chest.

Ellicott said it wasn’t the first time he was confronted in a men’s facility. In 2012, he said he was assaulted in a Manhattan bathroom, but the culprits were never found. He says he now avoids public locker rooms and restrooms because they make him anxious, and has trained himself to wait for hours rather than risk confrontation. 

When he’s forced to use a public facility, he says he either goes in with male friends or keeps in touch with female friends outside through text messages.

Joey’s story: With pride and determination, transgender man overcomes barriers to achieve goals

He would have been the first person in his family to graduate from high school, but an insurmountable barrier stood in his way: four credits of gym class.  The school would not give him a private place to change, and he couldn’t stand feeling like a “pervert” — a boy in the girls’ locker room. He gave up the diploma instead.

Injustice at Every Turn: A Report of the Transgender Discrimination Study, a groundbreaking study of 6,450 transgender people was conducted by the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Published in 2011, it still stands as our most comprehensive look at the lives of transgender and gender non-conforming people in the U.S. 

Its scope is breathtaking. Examining health, employment, family life, housing, public accommodations, identification documents, police and incarceration, and much more, the study’s authors concluded: “Transgender and gender non-conforming people face injustice at every turn — in childhood homes, in school systems that promise to shelter and educate, in harsh and exclusionary workplaces, at the grocery store, the hotel front desk, in doctors’ offices and emergency rooms, before judges and at the hands of landlords, police officers, health care workers and other service providers.”

The report’s findings about education shed light on many of the other health and income disparities transgender people face.  People who expressed a non-traditional gender in grades K-12 experienced very high rates of harassment (78 percent), physical assault (35 percent) and sexual violence (12 percent), from both student peers and staff.  Six percent were expelled because of their gender identity or expression, and 15 percent left school or college because of the harassment they experienced.

Those statistics are reflected in Joey Clark’s story. 

“I went to two different high schools and at each one I was picked on a lot. I was picked on verbally for being different, and other students would spread rumors about me.  A few would try to physically hurt me, but I was able to protect myself in that way. I did not know at all how to protect myself emotionally.  They called me a lesbian and a freak, and I didn’t even know how to explain what I was at that time in my life.”

The statistics show that trans kids who drop out of high school end up with high rates of homelessness (48 percent), more involvement in sex work or other work in the underground economy, and — probably because of that — they’re far more likely to experience incarceration.  Trans drop-outs also have higher rates of HIV, use more drugs and alcohol, and more often attempt suicide than do trans people who manage to get their high school diploma.

Probably because he was so committed to being “a good father,” Joey followed a different path.  “I never want my kids to use me not getting a diploma as an excuse,” he said, “so I started taking my tests and received my high school equivalency diploma the year after I would have graduated.”

He tried to go on to tech school, but many of his high school tormenters had moved there, too. “I was the talk of the school.  Lots of people could not wait to point and tell anyone they could that I was born with female parts, but they did not say it that nice.  I found myself not being able to stand up yet.”
Here’s where Joey’s story illustrates another finding of Injustice at Every Turn:  Despite their traumatic experiences in high school, many more transgender people end up returning to college.  Injustice notes,   “Respondents reported considerably higher rates of educational attainment than the general population, with 47 percent receiving a college or graduate degree, compared to only 27 percent of the general population.”

Tired of dead-end jobs and wanting to teach his two children the importance of education, Joey tried again.  With the help of what he calls an “amazing” counselor and his local transgender support group, he figured out “not only what I wanted in life, but also how to feel ‘safe and valuable.’” He not only re-enrolled in tech school, but took on leadership roles as well. He helped start the LGBT Club on campus, became its president, and then stepped up to preside over the student senate.  

On May 17, 2014, Joey graduated from Moraine Park Technical College with an associate degree in Criminal Justice/Corrections and a GPA of 3.25. Besides continuing to be a great dad to his kids, his goal is to continue on to get his bachelor’s degree and work in or run an LGBT center in the Fond du Lac/Oshkosh area. He is also deeply committed to “doing all I can to help my transgender family to be happy and achieve equal rights.”

This PrideFest, Joey will be FORGE’s chief “free hugger.” Come by FORGE’s booth to receive your free hug sticker and congratulate Joey on his achievements.

Loree Cook-Daniels is policy and program director of FORGE, a national resource for transgender and elderly LGBT people that’s headquartered in Milwaukee.

Arkansas attorney general backs marriage equality, but defends gay ban

Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel said over the weekend that he supports allowing same-sex couples to wed but will continue defending his state’s 2004 ban on gay marriages in court.

McDaniel, a Democrat serving his final year as the state’s top attorney, became the first statewide official in Arkansas to back same-sex marriage.

“I want to tell you I do support marriage equality and I do believe Arkansans should have the right to be equal in the eyes of the law,” said McDaniel, speaking at the Associated Press Managing Editors convention.

Voters overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman, but that ban and others nationwide are facing legal challenges.

Seventeen states allow gay marriage, and federal judges have struck down bans in Michigan, Utah, Texas, Oklahoma and Virginia. A state judge is expected to rule by Friday in a lawsuit challenging Arkansas’ ban.

“I’m going to zealously defend our constitution, but at the same time I think it’s important to let people where I stand on the matter,” McDaniel told the AP after his speech.

McDaniel said during a question-and-answer session with editors that there wasn’t any single incident that changed his mind about gay marriage.

“It’s become more and more difficult for me to accept the idea of anyone being treated as a second class citizen,” McDaniel said.

McDaniel announced his support for gay marriage after criticizing U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder for telling his state counterparts in February they weren’t obligated to defend laws in their states banning same-sex marriage if the laws discriminate in a way forbidden by the Constitution.

McDaniel said he didn’t believe attorneys general should allow their personal views to influence whether they defend a state law.

“I do not take orders from Eric Holder and I’m determined to live up to my obligation, and that includes with regard to our state’s definition of marriage,” McDaniel said.

McDaniel had voiced support for civil unions when he ran for attorney general in 2006, but said then he believed marriage was between a man and a woman. McDaniel ran briefly for governor but dropped out early last year after admitting to an inappropriate relationship with a Hot Springs attorney.

McDaniel said after his speech that he had considered backing marriage equality during that brief bid for the state’s top office.

“Even when I was running for governor, there were times when I was like, `don’t you think it’s time that I just say this and be done with it?'” McDaniel said. “It’s controversial. There are some people who are going to think it was a great thing that I made this statement while in office, and there are going to be some people who are going to be deeply offended and angry. It really came down to why not today?”

McDaniel said he was not calling on any other statewide officials or candidates to support gay marriage, and said he would not campaign for ending the ban while serving as attorney general.

His announcement appeared unlikely to sway the state’s other top Democrats, who are trying to prevent a GOP takeover of Arkansas’ elected offices this fall. U.S. Sen. Mark Pryor and former U.S. Rep. Mike Ross, who is running for governor, remain opposed to gay marriage, their spokesmen said Saturday. Pryor, the only Democrat in the state’s congressional delegation, is running for re-election against Republican U.S. Rep. Tom Cotton.

The head of the group that campaigned for the ban in 2004 said he was surprised by McDaniel’s comments but still had faith in McDaniel’s office to defend the amendment.

“I’m disappointed because he didn’t have to take a position one way or the other. It is disappointing that he has taken this position,” said Jerry Cox, president of the Arkansas Family Council. “However, I do not doubt the ability of his staff to adequately defend the Arkansas marriage amendment because I believe the people on his staff are very capable lawyers and I have seen them work very capably on other issues.”

The head of the Human Rights Campaign, the largest U.S. lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender civil rights organization, praised McDaniel for his comments.

“Today Attorney General McDaniel adds his voice to an ever-growing chorus of Americans from across the country that are standing up for the right of all couples to marry-and there is no turning back that tide,” HRC President Chad Griffin, an Arkansas native, said in a statement released by the group. “As a proud Arkansan, I know it’s only a matter of time before committed and loving gay and lesbian couples in my home state get to enjoy all the rights and benefits that come with civil marriage.”

71-year-old motorist arrested for anti-lesbian road rage

A Pierce County, Wash., prosecutor says a 71-year-old Tacoma man accused of attacking and threatening a woman after rear-ending her vehicle has been charged with assault and malicious harassment.

Prosecutor Mark Lindquist says William Zesbaugh apparently was angered because he thought the woman had cut him off in traffic on Jan. 28 as she and a female passenger drove toward a ferry terminal.

When the woman approached the other car after the collision to get insurance information, the prosecutor says the driver went to his trunk, grabbed a club-like steering wheel locking device and struck the woman twice. A ferry employee intervened to stop the attack.

Lindquist says the man then told the victim and her passenger, “I can tell you’re lesbians” and “I’m gonna get you for this.”

Lu-Ann Branch told KOMO-TV the gash on her arm required 11 stitches.

The man was arraigned on Jan. 29.

Wisconsin court: speeding ticket doesn’t violate religious freedom

A Wisconsin appeals court says a speeding ticket didn’t violate an Oshkosh man’s right to religious freedom.

A sheriff’s deputy cited Jeffrey L. Manke for speeding in Fond du Lac County in October 2011. According to court documents, he was traveling at 71 mph in a 55-mph zone.

Manke argued on appeal Wisconsin’s speeding statutes violate his right to religious freedom because they prohibit a person from speeding. He contended his Bible studies show he is a man, not a person.

District Attorney Dan Kaminsky called Manke’s argument nonsensical in a reply brief.

The 2nd District Court of Appeals agreed Manke is a man, which also makes him a person.

Court records did not list an attorney for Manke. No residential listing for him could be found.

Hong Kong dad offers $65 mill to any man who woos daughter from lesbian partner

The daughter of a flamboyant Hong Kong tycoon has offered $65 million to any man who can woo her away from her lesbian partner said she’s not upset with her father.

Still, it’s unlikely she will be accepting any of the marriage proposals flooding in from guys.

Cecil Chao made world headlines this week when he offered the 500 million Hong Kong dollar marriage bounty after learning that his daughter, Gigi Chao, had eloped with her partner to France.

“I’m actually on very, very loving terms with my father. We speak on a daily basis. He just has a very interesting way of expressing his fatherly love,” the 33-year-old told The Associated Press.

She said her father offered the reward because he was upset after learning she had “a church blessing in Paris” with her girlfriend of the past several years.

“What this whole episode really highlights is that perhaps still, the Chinese — or in fact the Hong Kong mentality — can perhaps tolerate the ‘don’t ask, don’t tell’ view of sexuality,” she said. “But as a social statement, it’s still very much a sensitive issue.”

Hong Kong decriminalized homosexuality in 1991, but it does not legally recognize same-sex marriage.

Cecil Chao is the chairman of Hong Kong property developer Cheuk Nang Holdings and has a reputation for being a playboy. He once claimed to have had 10,000 girlfriends but has never married. He’s also known for his love of Rolls-Royces and for being a qualified helicopter pilot, a skill he shares with Gigi Chao, one of his three children by three different women.

Cecil Chao said in a separate interview with the AP that reports that his daughter had married were just rumors. He added that he has received hundreds of offers from suitors since he made the offer and his daughter has probably had thousands.

“I was very surprised about the reaction from around the world,” said the 76-year-old tycoon, sporting gold mirrored sunglasses and a sport jacket over an unbuttoned polo shirt. “Thousands of people writing to say they want to be my in-laws.”

He said he’s offering the money because he wants to make sure his daughter has a comfortable life in Hong Kong, which he believes will require a house worth HK$150 million ($19 million). The rest of the money can be used for investments, he said.

“Living a comfortable life in Hong Kong, not super-luxury, takes HK$500 million,” he said.

Gay man alleges thong discrimination in San Diego

A gay man arrested for alleged nudity at a Pride celebration in San Diego is suing in federal court for thong discrimination.

The Courthouse News Service is reporting that Will X. Walters was arrested for wearing thong underwear with a kilt.

Walters, in his suit, alleges that San Diego police practiced selective enforcement of the municipal ordinance on public nudity – what is OK for women, such as thongs and G-strings, is not OK for gay men.

The complaint, according to CNS, states, “Will Walters is a Hispanic, gay man who owns the dubious distinction of being the only person in the history of the City of San Diego to be arrested and booked on a charge of public nudity. Mr. Walters was arrested for public nudity at the 2011 Lesbian Gay Bi-Sexual Transgender Pride (‘Pride’) event while wearing an opaque gladiator type kilt over black underwear. Under any definition, he was not nude, as his buttocks and genitalia were fully covered. Nonetheless, he was ushered out of the event, humiliated, arrested, and incarcerated.”


The defendants include the city of San Diego, as well as several police officers, a security guard and a John Doe.

Walters says that after he bought a $20 ticket, he “was readily admitted into the 2011 event by San Diego Pride personnel and that his outfit “passed muster” with Pride personnel at the admission gate.

He maintains that one officer told him the gear was “borderline” but other officers forcibly escorted him outside the event and a security guard knocked away his camera phone to avoid any record.

Walters was issued a citation, which he refused. He was then arrested.

“At the jail Mr. Walters was placed in a single cell visible to all inmates being checked in. San Diego County sheriff’s deputies encouraged the incoming inmates to ridicule Mr. Walters, who was wearing only his kilt and underwear, and the deputies joined in the verbal harassment. In going from the hot environment of an overheated car to the air-conditioned jail, Mr. Walters was chilled. The deputies refused Mr. Walters any additional clothing or a blanket.”

He was detained for about 12 hours without food or water, according to the complaint.

The federal filing alleges a violation of rights under the Equal Protection Clause in the 14th Amendment.

City and police officials declined to comment.

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