Tag Archives: Lee Harvey Oswald

Bill O’Reilly’s lies, exaggerations exposed by Media Matters in 2015

Fox News host Bill O’Reilly lost what little journalistic credibility he still had in 2015 as journalists, colleagues, and media observers dismantled many of the fabrications he told about his journalism career and in his books. Media Matters looks back at O’Reilly’s horrible year:

Numerous Journalists Took Apart O’Reilly’s Falklands War Tales. O’Reilly has repeatedly attempted to bolster his reporting credentials by claiming over the years that he reported “in the Falklands” during the 1982 Falklands War. A Mother Jones exposé, however, found that O’Reilly fabricated his reporting resume and his former colleagues said he was actually 1,200 miles away in Buenos Aires. O’Reilly also claimed to have reported on a 1982 Buenos Aires protest in which “many were killed,” but numerous journalists who reported from the scene and a historian disputed his story. Furthermore, O’Reilly claimed to have helped an injured CBS photographer during the protest, but his colleagues have no recollection of that incident. [Mother Jones, 2/19/15; Media Matters, 2/24/15]

O’Reilly’s Incredible Tale About A Kennedy Assassination Figure Imploded. O’Reilly claimed on Fox News and in his book Killing Kennedy that he was outside the Florida house where Lee Harvey Oswald friend George de Mohrenschildt was staying when he killed himself in 1977. Though O’Reilly claimed to have heard the fatal gunshot, his tale unraveled when numerous pieces of evidence emerged contradicting his claim. The evidence includes an audio tape of O’Reilly saying he’s “coming to Florida” after being informed of the suicide; colleagues who contradicted and were unable to corroborate his story; and a police report that makes no mention of O’Reilly and provides details that cast doubt on his tale. [Media Matters, 3/11/15]

O’Reilly Fabrication: He “Saw Nuns Get Shot In The Back Of The Head” In El Salvador. While discussing his time covering the civil war in El Salvador in the early 1980s, O’Reilly claimed he “was in El Salvador and I saw nuns get shot in the back of the head.” In reality, the incident took place months before he arrived in the country. O’Reilly attempted damage control by claiming that when he said he “saw nuns get shot,” he was referring to seeing “horrendous images” of nuns murdered while reporting from El Salvador, not witnessing those murders firsthand. [Media Matters, 2/25/15]

O’Reilly’s Northern Ireland Bombing Lie: He’s “Seen … Irish Terrorists Kill And Maim Their Fellow Citizens In Belfast With Bombs.” O’Reilly claimed in his book Keep it Pithy that he’s “seen soldiers gun down unarmed civilians in Latin America, Irish terrorists kill and maim their fellow citizens in Belfast with bombs.” A Fox News spokesperson later “said that O’Reilly was not an eyewitness to any bombings or injuries in Northern Ireland. Instead, he was shown photos of bombings by Protestant police officers.” [Media Matters, 3/3/15]

Colleagues Disputed O’Reilly’s Tale Of Danger During The Los Angeles Riots. O’Reilly claimed of his reporting for Inside Edition during the Los Angeles riots: “We were attacked, we were attacked by protesters, where bricks were thrown at us.” However, the Guardian reported that six of O’Reilly’s colleagues “have disputed his account of surviving a bombardment of bricks and rocks while covering the 1992 riots in Los Angeles.” [The Guardian, 2/26/15; Media Matters, 2/26/15]                       

Republicans Accused O’Reilly Of Factual Inaccuracies In Killing Reagan Book. Numerous Republicans challenged O’Reilly over factual inaccuracies in his book Killing Reagan: The Violent Assault That Changed a Presidency. The critics included former Reagan aides and Reagan biographers, who called O’Reilly’s book “garbage” and “a disservice to history.” One of O’Reilly’s biggest critics has been conservative columnist and Fox News contributor George Will, who called O’Reilly “an opportunistic interloper” whose “vast carelessness pollutes history and debases the historian’s craft.” [Media Matters, 9/21/15, 10/9/15, 11/6/15, 12/8/15; Washington Post, 11/10/15]

To read more about Bill O’Reilly’s many fabrications, read Media Matters’ 2015 eBook, Killing Truth. 

Mlwaukee Rep’s ‘Assassins” is a must-see

The Milwaukee Repertory Theater’s production of Stephen Sondheim and John Weidman’s musical “Assassins,” which runs through Oct. 7, is a must-see.

“Assassins” is a musical exploration of the men and women who have killed or tried to kill American presidents over the years – from John Wilkes Booth (Lincoln) and Charles Guiteau (Garfield) through Lee Harvey Oswald (Kennedy) and John Hinckley (Reagan).

Staged in a startlingly inventive carnival setting, the play gives each assassin a few scenes and a song to express their backgrounds or motivations. A garish scoreboard marks whether the president targeted was a “hit” or a “miss.”

The play jumps around chronologically but begins with the story of the vengeful and egomaniacal Booth who, in killing Lincoln, created a sort of template for future assassins. It ends dramatically with the assassination of Kennedy. In a gut-wrenching scene, a kind of countdown to catastrophe, Booth slowly eggs on Oswald as he sits in the Book Depository building in the minutes before the president’s motorcade passes.

The musical score is bookended with the anthem “Everybody’s Got the Right,” with its ironic refrain: “Everybody’s got the right to be happy. Everybody’s got the right to their dream.” While not meant as an endorsement of murder, it expresses the distorted connection between violence and American values.

Along the way, each assassin or would-be assassin sings a ballad about his particular beef. John Hinckley and Squeaky Fromme (who tried to kill Gerald Ford) sing the eerie “Unworthy of Your Love” about the objects of their obsessions, Jodie Foster and Charles Manson. JFK’s murder (rerun via the horrific Zapruder film) is followed by a haunting lament for ourselves and our country, a song titled “Something Just Broke.”

There is a disturbing amount of loud gunfire and guns pointed at the audience throughout the play. Without any preaching about it, the ubiquity of guns and their devastation to our body politic is made obvious.

At the “talkback” with cast members after the performance I attended, we got into an interesting discussion about the roles that hatred, mental illness and ideology play in motivating assassins.

Despite the dark subject matter, there are some laugh-out-loud scenes. Samuel Byck’s escalating fit of screaming rage against Richard Nixon is hilarious before it becomes really scary. Another scene between Squeaky Fromme and Sara Jane Moore, showing what bizarre and delusional outsiders they were – incomprehensible even to each other – is a tour de force of comic timing.

As is often said of the work of Stephen Sondheim, this is not your parents’ Rodgers and Hammerstein. Sondheim doesn’t always write catchy, happy tunes you hum while leaving the theater. In the past 50 years he’s taken American musical theater to a whole new level with works that are complicated and challenging both musically and thematically.

I have seen many excellent Milwaukee Rep productions but “Assassins” has to be one of the best. There is not one weak link in the tremendous and large ensemble cast. And the technical aspects – scenic, sound and lighting design – which entail rotating scaffolds and dozens of tricky sound and lighting cues, are carried off brilliantly. It is a production that engages your mind and all of your senses.

The Reps’ ‘Assassins’ aims to make a statement

Good theater makes a compelling statement, while great theater carries with it truths that stand the test of time. That’s the measuring rod that Mark Clements, artistic director for Milwaukee Repertory Theater, uses frequently.

Stephen Sondheim’s “Assassins” – a musical revue featuring history’s most infamous U.S. presidential assassins – received mixed reviews when it first opened in 1990. But its characters’ search for sudden celebrity and the show’s celebration of the country’s growing gun culture has more relevance today than ever before, Clements says. The Rep opens its 2012-13 season Sept. 4 with the controversial work.

“In the 22 years since it was written, I believe that the statement the piece makes has grown in importance,” says Clements, who also is directing the production. “It’s deeply rooted themes force the audience to look into the mirror of our society, one which nurtures and maybe even encourages the kind of disenfranchised people we encounter in the show.”

The disenfranchised characters are many, and some are better known than others. From Lincoln’s assassin John Wilkes Booth to Kennedy’s killer Lee Harvey Oswald, from Charles Guitreau, who shot James Garfield, to Leon Czolgosz, who murdered William McKinley, the stage is occupied by social miscreants who believe their right to happiness includes license to kill a U.S. president. In fact, “Everybody’s Got the Right” is one of the show’s signature numbers.

The narrative structure is a series of vignettes built around the slim history that’s available about the characters. The book by Sondheim collaborator John Weidman, adapted from an original work by Charles Gilbert Jr., uses both fact and conjecture to good effect in what Clements describes as a complex work.

“It’s a very rich, very nuanced and very apt satire,” Clements says. “There are definitely elements of comedy in it, but there is so much more to it than that. It’s hard to label it as purely a dark comedy.”

Central to the show, which won five Tony Awards during its 2004 revival, are the guns used by the assassins. Jim Guy, prop master for the Milwaukee Rep, did a thorough search for the types and vintages of the actual weapons used in the crimes. Acquiring the weapons turned out to be easier than first thought.

“The Rep’s prop department actually had several of the harder-to-locate guns in stock from previous productions,” Guy says. “For the others I have been working through trusted vendors with whom I have been doing business for some time to locate or supply guns that duplicate or very closely resemble the ones noted in the script.”

The most difficult guns to replicate, he said, were the ones with which most of the audience is already familiar – the single-shot derringer with which Booth killed Lincoln and the bolt-action rifle used by Oswald to shoot Kennedy.

The Quadracci Powerhouse’s excellent acoustics allows Guy to load the weapons with less than full powder behind the blanks, which reduces the weapons’ recoil. Still, gun safety remains paramount in a production like “Assassins,” he says.

“Safety instruction is absolutely necessary every time a gun is used on stage because no two live performances are the same and nothing can be taken for granted,” says Guy, who teaches courses in firearms safety for the stage nationwide. “Before an actor touches a gun, the gun and ammunition undergo a series of tests in the shop and on the set to make sure that they are safe for the cast, crew and audience.”

As to the controversial final scene in which the assassins line up and fire their weapons into the audience, Guy is not tipping the director’s hand.

“The scene hasn’t been completely blocked yet, but serious discussion is already underway to make sure that the scene is absolutely safe for the audience and cast and generates the response that the director is after,” he says.

Regardless of how Clement’s version of the play ends, its themes ring true for the times, particularly following this summer’s mass shootings in Milwaukee’s Oak Creek suburb and in Aurora, Colo.

“No matter what your viewpoint on the right to have guns may be, the laws currently in place are not working,” Clements says. “Now is the perfect time to have a discussion about guns in our society, and I will be happy if ‘Assassins’ can be a catalyst for that conversation.”

The Rep’s season at a glance

Quadracci Powerhouse

“Assassins,” Sept. 4–Oct. 7

“The Diary of Anne Frank,” Oct. 23–Dec. 2

“Sense and Sensibility,” Dec. 11–Jan. 13

“Clybourne Park,” Jan. 29–Feb. 24

“A Raisin in the Sun,” March 12–April 14

Stackner Cabaret

“Gutenberg! The Musical!” Aug. 24–Oct. 14

“Blues in the Night,” Oct. 19–Dec. 23

“Mind Over Milwaukee,” Dec. 28–Feb. 24

“Ring of Fire,” March 1–May 5

Stiemke Studio

“The Mountaintop,” Sept. 26–Nov. 4

“How the World Began,” Jan. 16–Feb. 24

“Rep Lab,” March 1-4

Pabst Theater

“A Christmas Carol,” Nov. 29–Dec. 24