Tag Archives: laquan mcdonald

Chicago police union hires officer accused in teen’s death

A white Chicago police officer charged with murder in the shooting of a black teenager has been hired to work as a janitor for the city’s police union as he awaits trial, the union president said last week, prompting protests.

Dean Angelo, president of the Fraternal Order of Police Chicago, says the union hired Jason Van Dyke about three weeks ago. Van Dyke is accused of shooting 17-year-old Laquan McDonald 16 times in 2014. The shooting was captured on squad-car video and has prompted investigations, including a federal civil rights probe of the Chicago Police Department. Van Dykes has been suspended from the department without pay.

Jason Van Dyke. — PHOTO: Courtesy
Jason Van Dyke. — PHOTO: Courtesy

The union would do the same for any Chicago officer and have hired dozens of people who are in no-pay status, Angelo said.

“This officer is in a very difficult situation financially. He has a family and we would do it for anybody that works as a Chicago Police officer,” Angelo said.

The union’s action prompted about a dozen demonstrators to gather outside FOP headquarters to voice outrage at the union’s action.

“It’s a slap in the face to Chicago residents,” said activist Ja’Mal Green.

Retired Chicago police detective and former union member Cornelius Longstreet said the union was wrong in hiring Van Dyke.

“I’m not saying that Mr. Van Dyke is guilty, I’m not saying that he’s innocent,” Longstreet said. “What the bottom line is, is that I don’t think this is something that the union should have done. I think the union is sending a bad message.”

Van Dyke does various tasks at the union headquarters, Angelo said.

“He might be on the roof, he might be in the office, he does anything we need,” Angelo said.

Van Dyke has lost other jobs due to publicity and that threats closed his wife’s business, the union said. Van Dyke’s attorney last week asked court officials to let the officer not attend hearings because he has received threats of violence and death when he comes to court.

Chicago teen’s death shines light on police code of silence

For more than a year after an officer shot and killed a black teen named Laquan McDonald, the Chicago Police Department had video footage that raised serious doubts about whether other officers at the scene tried in their reports to cover up what prosecutors now contend was murder.

Not until 15 months later was one of those officers and a detective who concluded the shooting was justified put on desk duty. At least eight other officers failed to recount the same scene that unfolded on the video. All of them remain on the street, according to the department.

The lack of swift action illustrates the difficulty of confronting the “code of silence” that has long been associated with police in Chicago and elsewhere. The obstacles include disciplinary practices that prevent the police chief himself from firing problem officers and a labor contract that prevents officers from being held accountable if a video surfaces that contradicts their testimony.

“If they are not going to analyze officers’ reports and compare them to objective evidence like the video, why would the officers ever stop lying?” asked Craig Futterman, a University of Chicago law professor who helped force the city to release the video.

Of the eight officers, six said they did not see who fired and three depicted McDonald as more threatening than he appeared. One claimed the teen tried to get up with a knife still in his hand. The footage clearly showed him falling down and lying motionless on the pavement.

Officer Jason Van Dyke, who emptied his entire 16-round magazine into McDonald, is now awaiting trial on first-degree murder charges. He has been suspended without pay while the department tries to fire him.

City officials say they are cracking down on traditions associated with the code and even questioning applicants for police superintendent about how they would stop officers from lying to protect colleagues.

Chicago isn’t the only major city where officers sworn to tell the truth are suspected of covering for each other. In Los Angeles, three sheriff’s deputies were convicted last year of beating a handcuffed jail visitor and then trying to cover it up. In that case, a plea bargain with two former deputies helped prosecutors expose what they said was a code of silence.

The head of Chicago’s police union dismisses talk of a code.

“It’s not 1954 anymore,” Dean Angelo said. “With cameras everywhere, in squad cars, on everyone’s cellphone … officers aren’t going to make a conscious effort to engage in conduct that puts their own livelihoods at risk.”

But the scrutiny that followed McDonald’s death reveals a system that makes it difficult to fire problem officers and reduces their punishment or delays it for months or years after their reports are exposed as lies.

The code of silence also figured into another video: footage of off-duty officer Anthony Abbate pummeling a bartender. Officers who responded to the 911 call did not include in their reports the bartender’s contention that she was attacked by an officer named Tony, according to testimony in federal court. A jury in 2012 awarded her $850,000 and concluded there was a code of silence.

Like other police departments, Chicago’s police force has long insisted that it doesn’t tolerate dishonesty. When allegations surface about officers lying in a report, they are stripped of their police powers and assigned to desk duty pending the outcome of an internal probe, department spokesman Anthony Guglielmi said.

If the investigation determines the officer was, in fact, dishonest, the department says it moves, without exception, to have that person fired.

However, unlike New York, Baltimore and other cities, Chicago’s police superintendent cannot independently dismiss an officer. That decision belongs to the Chicago Police Board, whose nine civilian members are appointed by the mayor.

It is not unusual for the board to reject recommendations of the superintendent and the city’s Independent Police Review Authority, which investigates police shootings.

That happened when former Superintendent Garry McCarthy recommended sergeant and a lieutenant be fired for lying in their reports about the accidental discharge of pepper spray in a restaurant. The board agreed that the two had lied but decided to suspend them each for 30 days.

Critics say officers are emboldened to cover up their own misdeeds and those of others because the code extends to City Hall. In the case of the beaten bartender, Mayor Rahm Emmanuel’s administration responded to the verdict by asking a judge to throw out the jury’s finding because it would set a precedent for potentially costly future lawsuits.

The police union contract also plays a role. It includes a provision that officers who are not shown video of alleged misconduct before being interviewed cannot be disciplined for lying about the recorded events.

“All of this sends a message to police who abuse their police powers that they can operate with impunity,” said the Rev. Marshall Hatch, a prominent local minister.

The issue came to a head in the McDonald case. Weeks after the shooting, Futterman, the law professor, and a journalist publicly urged the city to release the video. A few months later, a detective concluded that the shooting was justifiable homicide by an officer trying to protect his own life, and that the dashboard camera video was consistent with witness accounts.

Emails between City Hall and the police department and others make it clear that the mayor’s office was aware of concerns about the officers’ truthfulness. But there is no indication in the emails that Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s office demanded or even suggested that someone compare the video with the police reports. Instead, Emanuel’s office chose to wait for the results of federal and local probes, mayoral spokesman Adam Collins.

Guglielmi said that the McDonald case highlights the need for the department to pay closer attention to any discrepancies between videos and written police reports.

Hatch is skeptical, pointing out that not only are all the officers still getting paid, but Van Dyke himself drew a paycheck while working for 13 months until he was charged.

“Nobody ever said, ‘Wait a minute, these officers who filed reports inconsistent with the facts are all still working, including the officer who shot the kid 16 times,”” he said. “Accountability in cases of police misconduct, it just doesn’t exist.” 

Police killed 1,186 civilians during 2015

As of Dec. 26, police had killed 1,186 people since the year 2015 began, according to the website killedbypolice.net, which lists all the victims’ names and links to news reports of their deaths.

The Washington Post puts the number of Americans shot dead by police in 2015 at 965, but the Post only included shootings that involved an on-duty police shooting to death a civilian. The Post reported 62 of the deaths occurred in the past 30 days.

The Post did not include people in police custody, fatal shootings by off-duty officers, or police killings that did not involve firearms.

Police killed more than 1,100 civilians in 2014. Twenty-seven police were killed in the line of duty that year.

The latest high-profile police shooting occurred over the weekend in Chicago, when police fatally shot a 19-year-old man and 55-year-old woman, according to The Associated Press. The event again put a spotlight on one of the nation’s largest police departments and raised complaints that CPD officers are too quick to use deadly force.

Once again, activists called for the resignation of Mayor Rahm Emanuel.

The holiday weekend shootings follow the Nov. 24 release of video showing white Officer Jason Van Dyke shooting black 17-year-old Laquan McDonald 16 times in 2014. The release of the video sparked persistent protests, forced the resignation of the city’s police chief and led to a wide-ranging civil rights investigation of the entire Chicago Police Department by the U.S. Department of Justice.

1 after another, Chicago police videos made public

Since dashcam footage showing a white Chicago police officer killing a black teenager was made public, city officials have released a series of videos showing police encounters with the public.

Here is a snapshot of the videos released so far and the one that could soon join them:

LAQUAN McDONALD

Two days before Thanksgiving, after being ordered to do so by a judge, the city released a video that shows Officer Jason Van Dyke firing 16 shots into 17-year-old Laquan McDonald on the night of Oct. 20, 2014. The video immediately set off protests. Many residents, already suspicious that the circumstances of the shooting had been covered up by police, grew even more skeptical when the city released other squad car dashcam videos from the scene that, like the first, lacked audio. The department has yet to fully explain why.

The video also highlighted inconsistencies with police reports from the incident. Officers who saw Van Dyke shoot McDonald portrayed the teen as menacing, which is not how he appeared on screen.

Officials fought in court for months to keep the footage from being released, efforts that coincided with Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s re-election campaign, during which the mayor was seeking African-American votes in a tight race.

The Department of Justice is investigating the circumstances of the shooting, as well as the police department as a whole.

Emanuel also asked the city’s inspector general on Wednesday to launch yet another probe of the case. The newly named head of the city’s Independent Police Review Authority, Sharon Fairley, said the inspector general’s involvement was important for “public confidence.”

RONALD JOHNSON III

Eight days before McDonald was killed, Officer George Hernandez fatally shot 25-year-old Ronald Johnson III. Johnson’s family stepped up their pleas to have the squad car video made public after the release of the McDonald footage.

On Monday, during a lengthy news conference in which she outlined why Hernandez was justified in shooting Johnson in the back, Cook County State’s Attorney Anita Alvarez released the video. Alvarez, who was facing criticism for taking more than a year to bring charges against Van Dyke, also released digital images that show Johnson was carrying something in his hand. Police say it was the gun recovered near his body.

To make her case that Hernandez could have been in fear for his life and the life of his fellow officers, she showed a video from a separate case in which a man running from police fired a gun behind him without looking, striking a pursuing officer.

The attorney for the Johnson family said the prosecutors’ investigation was a “joke.” The family has filed a lawsuit against the city, claiming that Johnson was not armed.

PHILIP COLEMAN

Also on Monday, the city released a 2012 video of officers using a stun gun and dragging Philip Coleman, a 38-year-old who had been taken into custody after allegedly attacking his mother. The video shows six officers – several of whom appear to be black – entering Coleman’s cell. One fires the stun gun, and an officer then drags Coleman, who was black, out by his handcuffed wrists.

Officials have said Coleman died later at a hospital after a reaction to an anti-psychotic drug. But his family said it was obvious from the start that he was mentally ill and would still be alive if he had been taken to a hospital instead of jail.

The family, which has filed a lawsuit, was livid after the release of the video, saying that nobody from the city warned them it was to be made public in response to a media outlet’s public records request.

While a police review board found the officers’ actions justified, Emanuel said Monday that he didn’t see how the treatment of Coleman “could possibly be acceptable.”

On Tuesday, the new head of the review board said she was reopening the investigation into Coleman’s case.

CEDRICK CHATMAN

Seventeen-year-old Cedrick Chatman was a suspect in a car theft when he was killed on Jan. 7, 2013, by police. Officers said they believed he was reaching for a gun. But the gun turned out to be a smart-phone box. Chatman’s family sued the city and demanded that the video be made public.

Despite having pledged more transparency, the city is fighting the release of that footage. City attorneys are employing arguments similar to the ones they used in opposing the McDonald video’s release: that it could prejudice would-be jurors if the case goes to trial. City attorneys didn’t comment after a Wednesday hearing in the civil case.

The federal judge said he’d decide Jan. 14 whether to order the city to release the footage.

U.S. Dep’t of Justice to investigate the Chicago Police Department

The U.S. Justice Department is expected to launch a wide-ranging investigation this week into the patterns and practices of the Chicago Police Department. The Washington Post first reported the development earlier today.

The federal probe of the CPD will be similar to recent probes of police departments in Baltimore and Ferguson, Missouri. And the Chicago probe, like those in the other cities, is being prompted by a case in which a white Chicago police officer shot an unarmed black teenager — 16 times in the latest case.

Bot the CPD and Mayor Rahm Emanuel have faced harsh criticism iover their handling of the October, 2014, death of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald. White officer Jason Van Dyke was charged with first-degree murder more than a year after the killing and just one day before the release of police dashboard camera video showing the officer firing 16 shots at the black teenager, according to The Associated Press.

Since then, Emanuel forced Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy to resign and formed a task force to examine the department in an effort to calm the city and deal with the most serious crisis of his administration.

But pressure on the mayor has not abated. Calls for him to resign — something he’s said he won’t do — have grown louder. More than 200 protesters shouted that he step down during a march this afternoon in downtown Chicago. Protesters counted to 16 during the march, a number that has taken on a symbolic significance since the demonstrations began.

Emanuel initially said a federal civil rights investigation of Chicago police tactics would be “misguided” because the U.S. Attorney’s office in Chicago was already investigating. But Emanuel later backed down and said he’d welcome the Justice Department’s help in “restoring” trust in the department.

Hillary Clinton and Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan also have called for a federal investigation.

AP reported on Friday that Chicago released hundreds of pages that show police officers initially reported a very different version of the encounter with McDonald than the video shows. That further angered activists and protesters, who already believed the city covered up what really happened to McDonald.

The Justice Department in the last six years has opened more than 20 investigations of police departments. In March, the department released a scathing report of the Ferguson police force that found pervasive civil rights abuses, and in May, it reached a settlement with Cleveland police that called for sweeping improvements — including to that department’s use of force policies. It opened an investigation of Baltimore police in May after demonstrations there turned violent in response to the death of a black man in police custody.

Civil right leader Rev. Jesse Jackson said he hoped that the investigation would focus not only on the police department, but on Emanuel’s office and the Cook County State’s Attorney’s office that he and others have criticized for taking so long to bring charges against Van Dyke.

Chicago has a sordid history of police brutality and abuse. In a lawsuit filed against the city in October, three men said they were subjected to “unconstitutionally coercive and torturous tactics” at the CPD’s notorious Homan Square facility on the city’s West Side. A series of articles about Homan Square published by The Guardian, a U.K. newspaper, shocked the world.

The Guardian described the facility as a “secretive warehouse” that is “the domestic equivalent of a CIA black site.”

The savage culture of sadism at Cook County Jail has been described in numerous lawsuits and investigative reports.

GOP candidates are normalizing racism

This year is ending as it began, with unarmed black citizens being slaughtered in the streets by police officers in situations where the use of deadly force is wholly unwarranted. 

Various studies show that blacks are 2 to 3.5 percent more likely than whites to be killed by police, and a number of studies say African-American victims are twice as likely to be unarmed.

GOP presidential candidate Donald Trump is milking the police killings to promote the myth that blacks are responsible for 81 percent of white murders. Never mind that whites kill 82.4 percent of white victims and blacks kill 90 percent of black victims. Never mind that the vast majority of murder victims are killed by someone they know or who lives nearby.

Trump and other Republican presidential contenders are not interested in the facts, but rather in exploiting racist Americans to get their votes. They offer followers the comforting lie that every unarmed black man killed by police gets what he deserves — that the man with the badge is always right and the man with the dark skin is always wrong. They’re promoting a kind of racist McCarthyism in which protesters and sympathizers of Black Lives Matters are un-American.

Recently, Trump and his supporters showed their true feelings when a black protester was punched, stomped and kicked at a campaign rally in Alabama. Unfazed by the violence, Trump hollered, “Get him out of here.” He later told an interviewer the protester got what he deserved.

The recently released video from the Chicago Police Department failed to make a dent in the position held by Trump and his supporters. In it, cameras show officer Jason Van Dyke driving his squad car up to 17-year-old Laquan McDonald and, within seconds, shooting him 16 times. McDonald, who held a small knife, never even approached Van Dyke. About a dozen officers surrounded the teen. Van Dyke’s life was never remotely in danger.

Right-wing commentators and GOP presidential candidates dismissed the video either as having been misleadingly edited or an anomaly.

Running for the highest office in the land brings with it great responsibility. Even before they’re nominated or elected, presidential candidates are in the spotlight. Their words are widely exposed and influential.

Several among this year’s bumper crop of GOP candidates have used the limelight to promote racial and ethnic divisions — the old divide-and-conquer technique, as Scott Walker has referred to it. Rather than illuminating one of our society’s most disabling problems, they’re helping to fuel it. What might this nation become if one of these candidates, lacking in both knowledge and dignity, ended up behind the country’s most visible “bully pulpit.” 

Trump, Ted Cruz, Ben Carson and others have tapped into the frustration that bigots have endured under the rise of “political correctness.” The left has successfully made it socially unacceptable to stomp about spewing words of hatred toward blacks, Mexicans, women, Muslims, gays and others. For the haters, The Donald is a liberator, because he refuses to abide by these new rules of civil discourse. His followers view him as honest and courageous, even though he’s spouting the same laugh lines that brought high ratings to the fictional Archie Bunker, the hot-head bigot on the 1970s TV smash All in the Family.

A large part of Trump’s allure is he gives permission for racists to unleash ugly feelings that have been socially unacceptable for at least two decades. But the inevitable effect of condoning racism will be to enlarge it. 

The Republican Party is leading us back to a future of Jim Crow voting laws and public lynchings. People of sound mind and goodwill must counter this pox on our society with everything we can muster or else watch our social fabric tear and unravel. That would ultimately destroy all of us — including the racists.

Protest, march over fatal shooting set for Chicago on Black Friday

A large protest is planned for Nov. 27 — Black Friday — in Chicago’s famed Michigan Avenue shopping area. The protest follows demonstrations that occurred in the city after the release of a squad-car video showing a white police officer fatally shooting a black teenager.

A guide to what’s taking place in Chicago, where Officer Jason Van Dyke is charged with first-degree murder for the 2014 death of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald, who was shot 16 times.

THE SHOOTING

On the night of Oct. 20, 2014, police responded to a call of a teen with a knife. Witnesses said he was breaking into cars and stealing radios.

Police have said McDonald refused their orders to drop the knife and walked away from them. The police union also said that at one point McDonald lunged at officers with the knife.

The video released Tuesday shows McDonald jogging down an empty lane on a four-lane street and then veering away from Van Dyke and another officer who emerge from a police SUV drawing their guns. Within seconds, Van Dyke begins firing. McDonald spins around and falls to the pavement as Van Dyke keeps shooting.

Cook County State’s Attorney Anita Alvarez said Van Dyke emptied his weapon before his partner stepped forward and kicked the knife away from McDonald.

Alvarez said police later recovered a knife with a 3-inch blade that was folded into the handle.

An autopsy report showed McDonald had the hallucinogenic drug PCP in his system.

THE VIDEO RELEASE

A freelance journalist filed a Freedom of Information Act request for the video after learning of the shooting, but the Chicago Police Department refused to release it, saying it could hurt investigations.

Activists and attorneys argued the public had a right to see the video, and last week a Cook County judge agreed. He gave the city until Wednesday to make it public.

At a joint news conference Tuesday evening, Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy discouraged the kind of unrest seen in cities such as Baltimore and Ferguson, Missouri, after young black men were slain by police or died in police custody.

Emanuel and McCarthy described the shooting of McDonald as an unusual and tragic incident, and the mayor noted that McDonald’s family had asked people not to resort to violence.

THE INVESTIGATION

Alvarez said Tuesday she decided to announce the charges against Van Dyke earlier than planned because of the video’s release. But she said the video becoming public wasn’t a factor in her decision to charge him with first-degree murder.

She said it was clear McDonald didn’t pose a threat to the officer and that his use of force was improper.

Alvarez also defended the length of time it took to file charges. She said her office has been working with the FBI and the U.S. Attorney’s Office since mid-November on an active, joint criminal investigation and that police-involved shootings are “highly complex” cases that take longer than typical shootings to investigate.

THE OFFICER

Van Dyke turned himself in Tuesday, and a judge ordered him held without bond.

The 37-year-old has been a Chicago police officer since 2001. He is married and has two children.

His attorney, Dan Herbert, said the officer has never been disciplined.

But Van Dyke was the subject of 18 civilian complaints over 14 years, including allegations that he used racial epithets and excessive force, police and court records show. At least one complaint was linked to a civil trial where jurors awarded damages to someone he arrested.

Herbert said Van Dyke feared for his life when he fired at McDonald and that the case should be tried in the courtroom, not in social media or on city streets.

McCarthy said the officer, who had been on desk duty during the investigation, is no longer being paid. Another bond hearing is scheduled for Monday.

PROTESTS

Hundreds of people have participated in demonstrations in and near downtown Chicago, including City Hall, since the video was released. Police say nine people have been arrested, and a charge of aggravated battery of a police officer was dropped against one person on Wednesday.

White Chicago officer charged with murder in killing of black teenager

A white Chicago police officer who shot a black teenager 16 times was charged with murder on Nov. 24, just a day before the deadline a judge set for the city to release a squad-car video of the killing that officials fear will spark unrest.

The state’s attorney’s office said in a statement that Officer Jason Van Dyke was charged with first-degree murder in the Oct. 20, 2014, killing of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald.

City officials and community leaders have been bracing for the release of the video, fearing an outbreak of unrest and demonstrations similar to those that occurred in cities including Baltimore and Ferguson, Missouri, after young black men were slain by police or died in police custody. The judge ordered the dash-cam recording to be released by Wednesday after city officials had argued for months it couldn’t be made public until the conclusion of several investigations.

The Cook County state’s attorney, Anita Alvarez, defended the amount of time it took to charge Van Dyke at a news conference. Alvarez said cases involving police officers present “highly complex” legal issues and she would rather take the time to get it right than “rush to judgment.”

She said the impending release of the video prompted her to move up the announcement of the charge out of concern the footage would spark violence.

“I have absolutely no doubt that this video will tear at the hearts of Chicagoans,” Alvarez said.

However, she insisted that she made a decision “weeks ago” to charge the officer and the video’s ordered release did not influence that.

Some community leaders said there was no doubt that Alvarez only brought charges because of the order to release the video.

“This is a panicky reaction to an institutional crisis within the criminal justice system,” said the Rev. Jesse Jackson, who said he hoped to see “massive” but peaceful demonstrations.

The city’s hurried attempts to defuse tensions also included a community meeting, official statements of outrage at the officer’s conduct and an abrupt announcement Monday night that another officer who’s been the subject of protests for months might now be fired.

Activists and journalists have long pressed for the video’s release only to be told that it had to be kept private as long as the shooting was under investigation. After the judge’s order to release it, the investigation was quickly wrapped up and a charge announced.

“You had this tape for a year and you are only talking to us now because you need our help keeping things calm,” the Rev. Corey Brooks said of Monday night’s community gathering with Mayor Rahm Emanuel.

Several people who have seen the video say it shows the teenager armed with a small knife and walking away from several officers. They say Van Dyke opened fire from about 15 feet and kept shooting after the teen fell to the ground. An autopsy report says McDonald was shot at least twice in his back. It also said PCP, a hallucinogenic drug, was found in the teen’s system.

Police were responding to complaints about someone breaking into cars and stealing radios.

Van Dyke was the only officer on the scene to open fire. He emptied his 9 mm pistol, shooting all 16 rounds from just feet away, Assistant State’s Attorney Bill Delaney said at Tuesday’s hearing.

He said the shooting lasted 14 to 15 seconds and that McDonald was on the ground for 13 of those seconds.

Witnesses said McDonald was moving away from the officer and never threatened him, Delaney said. Police say the teen had a knife, and Delaney said a 3-inch knife was recovered from the scene.

Van Dyke’s attorney, Dan Herbert, maintains his client feared for his life and acted lawfully and that the video about to be released doesn’t tell the whole story.

Herbert said the case needs to be tried in a courtroom and “can’t be tried in the streets, can’t be tried on social media and can’t be tried on Facebook.”

Chicago police also moved late Monday to discipline a second officer who had shot and killed an unarmed black woman in 2012 in another incident causing tensions between the department and minority communities. Superintendent Garry McCarthy recommended firing Officer Dante Servin for the shooting of 22-year-old Rekia Boyd, saying Servin showed “incredibly poor judgment.” A judge acquitted Servin of involuntary manslaughter and other charges last April, and Alvarez was accused of having not prosecuted the case properly.

Jackson said a special prosecutor should oversee the Van Dyke case instead of Alvarez’s office.

None of the city’s outreach will be able to stop protests once the video is released, said Jedidiah Brown, another of the pastors who attended the meeting with Emanuel. Emotions are running too high, he added.

The fears of unrest stem from long-standing tensions between the Chicago police and minority communities, partly due to the department’s dogged reputation for brutality, particularly involving blacks. Dozens of men, mostly African American, said they were subjected to torture at the hands of a Chicago police squad headed by former commander Jon Burge during the 1970s, ’80s and early ’90s, and many spent years in prison. Burge was eventually convicted of lying about the torture and served 4½ years in prison.

Ministers who met with Emanuel said blacks in the city are upset because Van Dyke, though stripped of his police powers, has been assigned to desk duty and not fired.

The Police Department said placing an officer on desk duty after a shooting is standard procedure and that it is prohibited from doing anything more during the investigations.