Tag Archives: kenya

6 wealthiest countries host less than 9 percent of world’s refugees

The six wealthiest countries host less than 9 percent of the world’s refugees, an Oxfam analysis shows.

Jordan, Turkey, Pakistan, Lebanon, South Africa and the Occupied Palestinian Territory host more than 50 percent of the world’s refugees and asylum seekers but account for under 2 percent of the world’s economy.

Collectively, the United States, China, Japan, Germany, France and the United Kingdom hosted 2.1 million refugees and asylum seekers last year — just 8.88 percent of the world total.

Germany recently welcomed far more refugees than the other richest nations, yet a major gap remains with poorer countries providing the vast majority of safe havens for refugees.

Ahead of two major summits about refugees and migrants in New York in September, Oxfam called on governments to host more people in need of safe havens and commit to do more to help the developing countries sheltering the majority of refugees.

“It is shameful so many governments are turning their backs on the suffering of millions of vulnerable people who have fled their homes and are often risking their lives to reach safety,” Winnie Byanyima, executive director of Oxfam International said. “Poorer countries are shouldering the duty of protecting refugees when it should be a shared responsibility, but many richer countries are doing next to nothing.”

“The international displacement we are seeing is an unprecedented and complex challenge requiring a coordinated global response,” she added. “The richest countries need to be part of the solution and do their fair share by welcoming and protecting more refugees.”

More than 65 million people have fled their homes because of conflict, persecution and violence; the highest level since records began.  A third of these people are refugees and asylum seekers, while the majority have been internally displaced.

The conflict in Syria has been a major factor, but people are also fleeing violence in South Sudan, Burundi, Iraq and Yemen and elsewhere.

This is happening as the mood for offering safe havens to people on the move is darkening. The recent deal between European governments and Turkey left thousands of people detained in Greece in often appalling conditions and legal limbo.

The Kenyan government, when announcing the closure of the Dadaab refugee camp, said that if Europe could turn away Syrians, Kenya could do the same for Somalis.

“Too many people who have taken treacherous journeys to reach safety end up living in degrading situations littered with abuse, hostility and discrimination and too few governments are doing anywhere near enough to help or protect them.”

On the Web

Oxfam’s petition 

Lawsuit filed challenging Ted Cruz’s presidential eligibility

During last night’s GOP debate, Ted Cruz took Donald Trump to take for questioning his eligibility to serve as president. The ensuing heated exchange between the two men dominated both the debate and today’s media coverage of it.

At issue are the circumstances surrounding the Texas senator’s birth. Cruz was born in Canada to an American mother and a Cuban father, leading Trump to question whether he can be classified as a “natural-born” U.S. citizen under the Constitution.

Until recently, Cruz held dual citizenships in Canada and the United States. He renounced his Canadian citizenship in the run-up to his presidential campaign.

Trump warned that the issue inevitably would result in a distracting lawsuit against Cruz, and today a Houston attorney fulfilled Trump’s prophecy, filing a federal legal challenge over Cruz’s presidential eligibility.  

In a 28-page complaint, Newton Schwartz asked the Supreme Court to determine once and for all whether Cruz’s birth qualifies him for the nation’s highest office.

In sparring onstage last night with Trump over the issue, Cruz argued that because his mother is American, he became a U.S. citizen at birth.

But the Supreme Court has never officially considered the eligibility question, which also was raised over John McCain, who was born to American parents in Panama. In that case, the Senate passed a nonbonding resolution with bipartisan support backing McCain’s eligibility.

But even McCain today questioned Cruz’s eligiblity.

Attacking presidential candidates’ birth eligibility has become one of Trump’s chief areas of interest. For years, he’s been a leader in what’s known as the “birther” movement, which is comprised of conspiracy theorists who believe that although Obama’s mother was an American citizen, the president was born in Kenya, which is his father’s homeland. According to birthers, that disqualifies Obama for the presidency.

Obama was actually born in Hawaii, and has released a copy of his official birth certificate, along with a Honolulu newspaper item announcing his birth, to the public. But “birthers,” who are overwhelmingly Republicans, believe the documents are fake.

The issue could harm Cruz. In a Reuters/Ipsos poll taken from Jan. 7 to Jan. 14, a quarter of Republicans, along with a quarter of independents and voters in general, said they believed Cruz is unqualified.

Only 47 percent of respondents said that Cruz is qualified and 26 percent said they weren’t sure.

But, during last night’s debate, Trump drew loud boos from the audience over his charges that Cruz cannot legally lead the nation.

Cruz responded that Trump was only emphasizing the issue now because the senator’s polling numbers are beginning to threaten Trump’s. Cruz said that the Constitution hasn’t changed recently, but his polling numbers have, and they are driving Trump’s “birther” questions.

Trump acknowledged that was the case, saying that before Cruz’s ascent in the polls there was no reason to bring the issue to the public’s attention.

Pope predicts catastrophe if greedy climate-change deniers derail Paris talks

Pope Francis warned Nov. 26 that it would be “catastrophic” for world leaders to let special interest groups get in the way of a global agreement to curb fossil fuel emissions as he brought his environmental message to the heart of Africa on the eve of crucial climate change talks in Paris.

Francis issued the pointed warning in a speech to the U.N.’s regional office here after celebrating his first public Mass on the continent. The joyous, rain-soaked ceremony before 300,000 faithful saw the Argentine pope being serenaded by ululating Swahili singers, swaying nuns, Maasai tribesmen and dancing children dressed in the colors of Kenya’s flag.

Francis has made ecological concerns a hallmark of his nearly 3-year-old papacy, issuing a landmark encyclical earlier this year that paired the need to care for the environment with the need to care for humanity’s most vulnerable. Francis argues the two are interconnected since the poor often suffer the most from the effects of global warming, and are largely excluded from today’s fossil-fuel based global economy that is heating up the planet.

On Nov. 26, Francis repeated that message but took particular aim at those who reject the science behind global warming. In the United States, that includes some Republican presidential candidates and lawmakers, who have opposed steps President Barack Obama has taken on his own to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

“It would be sad, and dare I say even catastrophic, were special interests to prevail over the common good and lead to manipulating information in order to protect their own plans and interests,” Francis said.

He didn’t elaborate, but in the United States at least, there has been a well-funded campaign that rejects the findings of 97 percent of climate scientists that global warming is likely man-made and insists that any heating of the Earth is natural. Politicians have cited these claims in their arguments that emissions cuts will hurt the economy.

Francis’ message was praised by NASA historian Erik Conway, who co-wrote the 2010 book “Merchants of Doubt,” which detailed the attempts by far-right institutions and like-minded scientists to discredit the science behind global warming and spread confusion in the public.

Conway said it was difficult to determine today how much money is still being directed into climate change denial since much if it goes through foundations.

“But what that funding has achieved is the nearly complete conversion of Republican Party leadership into denial of human-caused climate change as well as public confusion over the content of the science,” he said in an email.

Francis, who has said global warming is “mainly” man-made, said the world was faced with a stark choice in Paris: either improve or destroy the environment. He said he hoped the Paris talks would approve a “transformational” agreement to fight poverty and protect the environment by developing a new energy system that depends on minimal fossil fuel use.

“Many are the faces, the stories and the evident effects on the lives of thousands of people for whom the culture of deterioration and waste has allowed to be sacrificed before the idols of profits and consumption,” he said. “We cannot remain indifferent in the face of this. We have no right.”

His speech followed a similarly emphatic one before the U.N. General Assembly in New York in September, and in various speeches on his travels to South America and Asia.

Nov. 26 was the second day in a row that Francis had touched on environmental concerns after he arrived in Kenya for a six-day pilgrimage that also takes him to Uganda on Friday and the conflict-ridden Central African Republic.

Francis’ first full day in Africa began with a meeting with about 25 Kenyan Christian and Muslim leaders. He warned them that they had little choice but to engage in dialogue to guard against the “barbarous” Islamic extremist attacks that have struck the country.

“Dialogue is not a luxury. It is not something extra or optional, but essential,” he said.

He later celebrated Mass before about 300,000 people at the University of Nairobi, where he received a raucous welcome from the crowd as he zoomed around in his open-sided popemobile, some 10,000 police providing security. Some people had been at the university since 3 a.m., braving heavy showers that turned the grounds into enormous, slick mud puddles. Others waited in queues 3 kilometers (1.8 miles) deep to get close to the venue.

“I am a Catholic and I believe he is godsend,” said Nelly Ndunge, 29, as she waited to see Francis at the Mass. She said Francis’ visit to Kenya was a blessing because it would renew her faith — and had boosted her printing business: She said she had already sold nearly 3,000 copies of a 2016 calendar with the pope’s portrait on it.

Still others turned back, fearing a stampede given the disorganized security.

“We were all disappointed,” said Sarah Ondiso, a senior government official. “The organizers could have done better.”

The size of the crowd — estimated by both police and the Vatican — was far smaller than the 1.4 million that Kenyan authorities had expected after declaring Nov. 26 a national holiday. Vatican officials had predicted a maximum of a half-million people, and said the lower number was apparently due to accreditation and ticketing problems.

In his homily, Francis appealed for traditional family values, calling for Kenyans to “resist practices which foster arrogance in men, hurt or demean women, don’t care for the elderly and threaten the life of the innocent unborn.”

The African church is among the most conservative in the world, and African bishops have been at the forefront in insisting that traditional church teachings on marriage and sexuality, and its opposition to abortion, be strongly emphasized.

Francis obliged, but also stressed issues of his own concern: He called for Kenyans to shape a more just society that looks out for the poor and to “reject everything that leads to prejudice and discrimination, for these things are not of God.”

It wasn’t immediately clear what he was referring to. But in the crowd, there were Kenyans wearing T-shirts and toting umbrellas reading “Who Am I to Judge” — a reference to Francis’ famous quip when asked about a purportedly gay priest. The citation has often been taken to embody Francis’ insistence that gays must be welcomed in the church and not discriminated against.

Ugandan gays hope the pope will speak out on their behalf

Gay activists are hoping Pope Francis will preach tolerance toward homosexuals, and even go so far as to condemn violent attacks against gays during his upcoming visit to Uganda. Church leaders, however, are praying he’ll avoid the issue altogether.

The divergent expectations underscore the acrimonious state of the gay rights debate on a continent where homosexuality remains taboo and homosexuals are greatly despised. In Uganda, where homosexuality is illegal and where attacks against gays have forced many to seek refuge abroad or lead secret lives at home, gay leaders nevertheless hope Francis when he comes on Friday will weigh in with a firm message of tolerance.

“I see this particular pope as more progressive but I wouldn’t call him an ally like (President) Obama,” said Frank Mugisha, a prominent gay leader. “I would like to see his position very clearly because what he said came as a by-the-way when he said he can’t judge.”

Francis, who will be visiting Kenya, Uganda and the Central African Republic from Nov. 25–30, famously said “Who am I to judge?” in referring to a purportedly gay priest. He has called for a church that is more tolerant and welcoming for those on the margins, including gays.

But he has also denounced what he calls the “ideological colonization” of the developing world, a reference to the way wealthy countries and non-governmental organizations condition development aid on Western ideas about contraception and human rights.

In Africa, that can boil down to the loss of international funding for school or health programs unless they promote condom use. Some European countries such as Sweden and Norway cut finding to Uganda’s government when it passed an anti-gay bill, which had widespread support in Uganda even as the international community condemned it as draconian.

The bill was signed into law last year before a court nullified it on a technicality; an earlier version had prescribed the death penalty for some homosexual acts. Homosexuality is still criminalized under a colonial-era law banning sex acts against the order of nature.

Local church leaders said it was necessary to protect poor African children from Western homosexuals who lure them with money. They support stronger anti-gay legislation.

At a recent Vatican meeting on family issues, African cardinals were at the forefront in blocking the church’s overtures to gays and in insisting that the Catholic Church as a whole denounce this “ideological colonization,” saying wealthy countries have no right to impose their ideas on poor countries with different cultural views.

“I doubt that Pope Francis will talk about homosexuals,” said Archbishop John Baptist Odama, who heads the local conference of Catholic bishops. “There is a clear teaching of the church on homosexuality. Because the aim of it is not to promote life but to act against it, those with that tendency are called to abstinence.”

The Vatican spokesman refused last week to say whether Francis would wade into the debate, but he would be unlikely to go against the wishes of his local bishops. That’s just fine with many Ugandans, who hope Francis will avoid the subject and instead preach more broadly about improving the lives of marginalized people.

Simon Lokodo, a Ugandan ethics minister who publicly condemns homosexuals, said any statement on tolerance for homosexuals would be unpalatable to most Ugandans.

“I am praying that he doesn’t talk about this. Because it will open a Pandora’s box,” he said. “Here in Uganda the tone is different. If he is to talk about homosexuals, then let him focus on acceptance but not tolerance. We have always condemned this style of life, especially in the line of exhibitionism. It is bad enough that homosexuals are there, but let them not go ahead and expose themselves.”

Mugisha, the gay activist, believes a message of compassion from Francis might challenge local church leaders to be less hostile toward those who are openly gay.

“We want a positon that is very clear from the Vatican that says, ‘Do not discriminate, do not harm homosexuals,’ a message of tolerance,” he said.

Although the controversial law was overturned, attacks persist against gays, who face eviction by landlords when they are reported by neighbors, as well as being extorted by the police, according to activists.

A lesbian woman who works for a local rights group was recently attacked while returning home by men who banged her head against the gate, leaving her with serious facial wounds, Mugisha said. Six attacks against LGBT Ugandans were reported in October, forcing Mugisha’s group to convene an emergency security meeting, he said.

“The spiritual leaders in Uganda have actually incited the Ugandan society against gay people,” said Anthony Musaala, a Catholic priest who was suspended in 2013 after a paper he wrote exposing alleged transgressions by Ugandan priests was leaked to the local press. “Someone like Pope Francis, when he says ‘Who am I to judge,’ is very much trying to underscore the proper teaching of the church.”

Time for major airlines to stop shipping Africa big five trophies

Dr. Walter Palmer’s behavior in killing and mutilating Cecil the lion is disgraceful. But he’s not a one-off character. He’s a very enthusiastic participant in the larger enterprise of globe-trotting international trophy hunting, where rich trophy hunters seek out and kill some of the largest animals in the world to fill their dens or private museums, get their names in the record books of Safari Club International, and brag to their buddies that they’ve killed the biggest and the grandest of creatures on earth.

Now, sure as shooting, a second low-life character has come to light — Jan C. Seski, a gynecologist from Pittsburgh — for a possible illegal lion killing under similar circumstances in April. In addition to the lion he killed, Dr. Seski also shot his sixth elephant on that trip. (He apparently threatened to shoot his neighbor’s dogs too —  as if any of us needed more evidence that this guy, too, is heartless thug.)

Seriously, what is wrong with these people? Why are they obsessed with killing the world’s biggest, most magnificent animals, and denying the rest of us the pleasure of sharing the earth with these creatures? What is it about the serial killing of animals that titillates them so much?

It’s been reported that after Cecil’s death, Palmer requested help in finding an elephant with tusks above a certain weight. He only left the country after he was informed by his guide they could not help him with that.

The trophy hunters like to excuse their passion for killing by saying that their spending promotes conservation. That’s nonsense, and more of a self-serving diversion.

A 2013 economic report demonstrated what anybody with their wits about them knows: These animals are worth more alive than dead. Kenya, which banned trophy hunting in the 1970s, has an eco-tourism economy that brings in far more than trophy hunting brings in to South Africa as a whole.

The fact is, trophy hunting of lions, elephants, and rhinos is a net revenue loser for African economies. Trophy hunters may throw around some money, but they rob parks, reserves, and other natural areas of the wonderful animals that are the real draw — the animals that attract countless people willing to spend money to see them and to be close to them. In that respect, trophy hunters are like bank robbers who leave a little cash behind.

South African Airways suspended the transport of big game trophies from Africa several months ago, including the heads of lions killed on canned hunting operations in the country. But recently, under pressure from Safari Club International and other groups aligned with the trophy hunting industry, they resumed transports. Emirates Airlines, on the other hand, has remained steadfast in not accepting hunting trophies of lions, elephants, and rhinos.

Let’s let all the major airlines know it’s time to cut off the shipments for good of African lions, elephants, rhinos, leopards, and Cape buffalo — the so-called Africa Big Five. This “hunting achievement” award leads to disgraceful behavior, and the airlines should not provide a getaway vehicle for trophy hunters’ larceny.

Using wealth to kill the magnificent animals of the world is a misuse of the gifts these people have been given. If trophy hunters are serious about conservation they should do some real good with their wealth — and stop spreading destruction, pain, and death.

If you haven’t yet had the opportunity, please join us in urging U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services to include African lions under the Endangered Species Act. Thank you for taking action to honor Cecil’s legacy and protect all animals.

Breaking News: Since the posting of this blog, Delta has announced a ban on the transport of trophies from lions, elephants, rhinos, leopards, and buffalo — the Africa Big 5. This is just as we’d hoped. We urge all other airlines to follow their lead.


Obama pledges ban on interstate sales of nearly all ivory

President Barack Obama is tightening U.S. rules on sales of ivory from African elephants, aiming to show progress on conservation.

During a new conference in Nairobi, Obama said the restrictions will eliminate the market for illegal ivory in the United States.

“I can announce that we’re proposing a new rule that bans the sale of virtually all ivory across state lines,” Obama said.

The proposed U.S. Fish and Wildlife regulation would prohibit the sale across state lines of ivory from African elephants and further restrict commercial exports. But it provides limited exceptions for interstate sales, namely pre-existing musical instruments, furniture pieces and firearms that contain less than 200 grams of ivory.

Widely anticipated, the rule follows other restrictions Obama put in place last year aimed at choking the marketplace for poachers who have decimated African elephant populations and threatened their extinction. An estimated 100,000 elephants were killed for their ivory between 2010 and 2012.

“We want to ensure our nation is not contributing to the scourge of poaching that is decimating elephant populations across Africa,” said Dan Ashe, director of the federal Fish and Wildlife Service.

In Congress, some House lawmakers hope to prevent the proposed rule from being enacted. The National Rifle Association has warned the rule could ban the sale of many firearms with ivory inlays.

Take action to stop the slaughter of African elephants.

Cruz candidacy exposes birthers’ racist hypocrisy

During Barack Obama’s first presidential run, right-wing zealots insisted he was ineligible for the position because he was not “natural born” — that is, born in America.

At tea party rallies, on Fox News broadcasts and on right-wing websites, the so-called “birthers” demonized Obama as a foreigner backed by un-American forces in a nefarious scheme to wrest control of the country away from its people. There were months on end when you couldn’t go a day without encountering this bizarre, paranoid rhetoric, which was picked up by the mainstream media as well.

Even after Obama was elected, the birthers refused to let up. The lies and scare tactics ramped into higher gear in what seemed to be an effort to depose the president. Donald Trump made the random claim that Obama spent $2 million fighting efforts to make him release his birth certificate. Fox News, Rush Limbaugh, Sarah Palin and other haters repeated Trump’s claim so often it became regarded as solid truth in the echo chambers of the lunatic fringe.

Finally, when the president did release his birth certificate, showing once and for all that he was born in Hawaii and not Kenya, as the birthers claimed, they railed that it was a forgery. When the president released birth notices that had appeared in two Hawaiian newspapers, the birthers also dismissed them as fakes — as if Obama’s parents had planted the announcements in 1961 just in case their newborn should happen to run for president some day.

In short, no amount of proof would appease the birthers’ unrelenting desire to get rid of the nation’s first black president. They were convinced that, evidence to the contrary, he was not one of “us.”

If there was any doubt about the birthers’ racist motives, it was erased by their resounding silence surrounding the presidential candidacy of light-skinned Sen. Ted Cruz. Half-American and half-Cuban, Cruz was born in Canada. The latter detail alone would seem to make Cruz a more logical target than Obama. Maybe in birtherland there are degrees of foreignness, and places where people are black and the native tongue isn’t English are simply unacceptable.

Based on the endless firestorm surrounding Obama’s birthplace, we should have expected a reaction of nuclear proportions surrounding Cruz’s presidential candidacy. Yet the circumstances surrounding Cruz’s birth haven’t stirred the press conferences, breaking news updates and national debates we saw over Obama.

Of course, both men are sons of American mothers and therefore qualified to run for the nation’s highest elected office. The fact that Obama’s mother was a Kansas-born U.S. citizen was never contested. And even though Cruz was born on foreign soil, his parentage makes him American.

The birthers’ silence on Cruz’s eligibility speaks volumes about them. They and the reckless media that gave a platform to their offensive accusations should be called out for the racist hypocrites they’ve now proven themselves to be beyond any shadow of a doubt. They owe the nation an explanation and an apology for the divisiveness and racism they brought to boil, poisoning our society for years and dialing back decades of progress.

World’s most gay intolerant nations have most Google searches for gay porn

According to Google Trends, the world’s most intolerant anti-gay nations also record the highest volume of gay porn searches. The unexpected trend was first observed and reported by Mother Jones.

Kenya, where vigilantes routinely torture and kill gay activists, ranks No. 1 globally in searches for “gay sex pics” and “anal sex pics.” Nigeria and Pakistan rank in the top five for those searches, and Pakistan ranks first for the terms “man fucking man,” “teen anal sex” and “shemale sex.”

But, according to a recent Pew Research Center poll on LGBT acceptance, Nigeria and Pakistan are two of the world’s most brutally LGBT intolerant societies. And Kenya recently passed a law criminalizing homosexuality as well as gay rights. Only 1 percent of Kenyans said homosexuality should be tolerated.

In Pakistan, where homosexual behavior is criminal, only 2 percent of the population believes in tolerance for LGBT people. Open discussion of homosexuality in the Muslim nation is virtually forbidden.

Mother Jones asked Farahnaz Ispahani, an expert in Pakistani minorities at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a former member of Pakistan’s parliament, about the discrepancy between Pakistan’s anti-gay attitudes and their behavior.

She said that part of the popularity of gay porn could stem from the fact that even highly observant Muslim males often have physical relationships with men without considering themselves gay.

“The real love they can have that most of us find with a partner, they find with men,” Ispahani said. “They mostly see their wives as the mother of their children.”  

She added the persecution of minorities, including gays, has reached an all-time high in Pakistan.

“Religious extremism is at a height today,” she says. “Hindus are being forced to convert, Christians are being burned aliv – there’s very little personal safety for those seen as ‘the other.’ So what do (gay Pakistanis) do? They turn to pornography because they can’t live their lives openly.”

Perhaps the same phenomenon explains the discrepancy in other virulently homophobic countries.

Thompson’s son apologizes for send Obama to ‘Kenya’ comment

The son of U.S. Senate candidate Tommy Thompson has apologized for telling voters this fall should send President Barack Obama back “to Kenya.”

Jason Thompson, the son of the former governor, made the comments Sunday during a brunch hosted by the Kenosha County Republican Party.

The video was taken by a Democratic Party operative and posted at BuzzFeed Politics Sunday.

Obama’s father was Kenyan, but Obama was born in Hawaii.

In a statement, Thompson’s campaign said the 38-year-old son apologized for saying something he should not have. Jason Thompson is an attorney and has represented his father’s campaign at some events.

Running against Thompson is Democratic Rep. Tammy Baldwin. A Baldwin spokesman declined to comment.

Tommy Thompson’s son: Send Obama back to Kenya

Campaigning for his father yesterday, Jason Thompson, the son of former Gov. Tommy Thompson, who’s running for the U.S. Senate, was videotaped at a Republican event saying that voters have an opportunity to send President Barack Obama back to Kenya.

“We have the opportunity to send President Obama back to Chicago – or Kenya,” Jason Thompson, told listeners during a Kenosha County Republican Party event. Listeners broke into laughter and one woman added, “We are taking donations for that Kenya trip.”

Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus and Wisconsin Republican Party Chairman Brad Courtney also spoke at the event, which was videotaped by a Democratic Party operative.

The campaign of Tammy Baldwin, Thompson’s Democratic opponent who maintains a slight lead in the polls, declined to comment on the statement. Jason Thompson’s joke reflected the long-discredited conspiracy theory that Obama was born in Africa  – the so-called “birther” controversy that has haunted his presidency.

Meanwhile, also on Sunday, Tommy Thompson accused Baldwin of being “anti-Jewish.” Challenged by reporters, he changed his accusation to “anti-Israel.” Baldwin’s maternal grandfather was the son of Jewish immigrants from Russia.

In 2007, Thompson displayed his own attitude toward Jews while addressing a conference of the Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism during his short-lived presidential run. He complimented his Jewish audience on their success at pursuing wealth, noting that earning money was “part of the Jewish tradition.”

Told that he’d just insulted his audience, the gaffe-prone Thompson tried to apologize in a way that only made the situation worse.

“What I was referring to, ladies and gentlemen, is the accomplishments of the Jewish religion,” Thompson explained.  “You’ve been outstanding business people and I compliment you for that.”