Tag Archives: Cuomo

Radioactive material found in groundwater under nuclear power plant

An apparent overflow at a nuclear power plant north of New York City spilled highly radioactive water into an underground monitoring well.

Officials at the Indian Point Energy Center in Buchanan, 40 miles north of Manhattan, reported that water contaminated by tritium leaked into the groundwater under the facility. The contamination has remained contained to the site, said Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo, who ordered the state’s environmental conservation and health departments to investigate.

“Our first concern is for the health and safety of the residents close to the facility and ensuring the groundwater leak does not pose a threat,” Cuomo said Saturday in a statement.

The leak occurred after a drain overflowed during a maintenance exercise while workers were transferring water, which has high levels of radioactive contamination, said Neil Sheehan, a spokesman for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Normally, a sump pump would take the water and filter it into another treatment system, but the pump apparently was out of service, Sheehan said. After the drain overflowed, the water seeped out of the building into the groundwater.

It was unclear how much water spilled, but samples showed the water had a radioactivity level of more than 8 million picocuries per liter, a 65,000 percent increase from the average at the plant, Cuomo said. The levels are the highest regulators have seen at Indian Point, and the normal number is about 12,300 picocuries per liter, Cuomo said.

Contaminated groundwater would likely slowly make its way to the Hudson River, Sheehan said, but research has shown that water usually ends up in the middle of the river and is so diluted that the levels of radioactivity are nearly undetectable.

A spokesman for Entergy Corp., the New Orleans-based company that operates Indian Point, said the overflow was “likely the cause of the elevated tritium levels.”

“Tritium in the ground is not in accordance with our standards, but I think people should keep in mind there’s no health or safety consequences,” spokesman Jerry Nappi said. “There is no impact on drinking water on or off site.”

> There has been a history of groundwater contamination at Indian Point.

There has been a history of groundwater contamination at Indian Point. A federal oversight agency issued a report after about 100,000 gallons of tritium-tainted water entered the groundwater supply in 2009, and elevated levels of tritium also were found in two monitoring wells at the plant in 2014. Officials said then the contamination likely stemmed from an earlier maintenance shutdown.

An Associated Press investigation in 2009 showed three-quarters of America’s 65 nuclear plant sites have leaked tritium, a radioactive form of hydrogen that poses the greatest risk of causing cancer when it ends up in drinking water. 

See how they run: The 2016 presidential checklist

For a year, The Associated Press has been tracking movements and machinations of more than a dozen prospective presidential candidates.

Here’s the latest presidential prep checklist:

NONDENIAL DENIAL: Cagey words that cloak presidential ambitions, none too convincingly.

Democrats

Vice President Joe Biden: “If I decide to run, believe me, this would be the first guy I talk to. But that decision hasn’t been made, for real. And there’s plenty of time to make that.”_ April, CBS, in joint interview with President Barack Obama.

Former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton: “I just want to get through this year, travel around the country, sign books, help in the midterm elections in the fall and then take a deep breath and kind of go through my pluses and minuses.” _ June, ABC. Said Republican criticism of her handling of the Benghazi episode gives her “more of a reason to run.”

New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo: “I’m sorry, I’m losing you. We have a technical difficulty. I’m running for governor of the state of New York.” _ Seeming not to hear a question about his presidential intentions. February, Fox Business Network.

Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley: “No one ever goes down this road, I would hope, without giving it a lot of consideration and a lot of preparation and a lot of thought work, and so that’s what I’m doing.” _ February, speaking to reporters in Baltimore.

Republicans

Former Florida Gov. Bush: “I can honestly tell you that I don’t know what I’m going to do.” _ His standard disclaimer. Says he’ll decide by year’s end whether to run. One factor in his decision: Whether he can run an optimistic campaign and avoid the “mud fight” of politics.

New Jersey Gov. Christie: “I’m certainly thinking about it, but I won’t make any decision until 2015, and I’ve got a job to do.” _ End of May, to reporters in Tennessee. Also: “It’s a lifetime away until 2016.”

Texas Sen. Cruz: “My focus is entirely on working for Texans in the U.S. Senate.” _ February. He said that not in Texas or in the Senate but in the important presidential primary state of South Carolina.

Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal: “It’s something that we’re certainly thinking about and we’re praying about. My wife and I, we won’t make any decisions until after the November elections.” _ May, after addressing Republican Leadership Conference in New Orleans.

Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul: “We’re definitely talking about it, my family is talking about it. I truly won’t make my mind up until after the 2014 elections. But I haven’t been shy in saying we’re thinking about it.”   _ March 9, Fox News.

Texas Gov. Rick Perry: “I’d be fibbing to you if I told you I knew what I’m going to be doing.”_ May, in Iowa. Says he’ll decide in January.

Florida Sen. Marco Rubio: “It’s something I’ll consider at the end of this year.” _ May, on ABC. Does he feel ready to be president? “I do, but I think we have other people as well.”

Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan: “Janna and I are going to sit down in 2015 and give it the serious … conversation, consideration that are required for keeping our options open. But right now I have responsibilities in the majority in the House of Representatives that I feel I ought to attend to, and then I’ll worry about those things.”_ March, CBS.

Former Pennsylvania Se. Rick Santorum: “I don’t know if I can do this. It’s just tough.” _ April, AP interview. Timing of decision? “A year at least, probably.”

Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker: “I’m really focused on 2014, not getting ahead of the game. … You guys can predict all you want.” _ January, CNN.

WRITING A BOOK: The perfect stage-setter for a campaign season, just ask Barack Obama (“The Audacity of Hope,” 2006; “Dreams from My Father,” 2004)

Democrats

Biden: No, not since before 2008 election.

Clinton: Yes. Splashy tour for “Hard Choices,” released in June, has taken her from Seattle to Paris.

Cuomo: Yes, coming in 2014.

O’Malley: No. “I’m not sure where I’d find the time for that.” It’s probably only a matter of time before he finds time.

Republicans

Bush: Yes, on immigration.

Christie: No.

Cruz: Yes, book deal disclosed by his agent in April.

Jindal: Not since before 2012 election.

Paul: No, not since just before the 2012 election.

Perry: Not since before 2012 election.

Rubio: Yes, coming in late 2014 from the publisher of his 2012 memoir.

Ryan: Yes, coming in 2014.

Santorum: Yes, “Blue Collar Conservatives” released in late April, says: “Do Republicans really care less about the person at the bottom of the ladder than Democrats do? To be painfully honest, I would have to say in some ways ‘yes.””

Walker: Yes, out in fall 2013.

GO TO IOWA: Its caucuses are the opening act of the nomination contest.

Democrats

Biden: Yes, spoke at Sen. Tom Harkin’s fall 2013 steak-fry fundraiser, a must-stop for many Democrats seeking to compete in the leadoff caucuses. Then in May, attended party for Iowans who came to Washington for annual lobbying trip. Raised money for Iowa congressional candidate Jim Mowrer. Schmoozed with Iowa power brokers during 2013 inauguration week in Washington.

Clinton: No, avoiding big primary/caucus states.  But Ready for Hillary is mobilizing for her in the state.

Cuomo: No.

O’Malley: Yes, mid-June events. Headlined Harkin’s 2012 fundraiser.

Republicans

Bush: Has been holding off on splashy visits to early voting states but hosted spring fundraiser May 22 in Florida for Iowa Gov. Terry Branstad. Attended 2012 economic development meeting in Iowa.

Christie: Summer visit expected. Can test his theory that “they love me in Iowa, too.” Hosted New Jersey fundraiser for Branstad in May. More travel driven by politics in the cards now that he’s chairman of Republican Governors Association for 2014 election year. Campaigned in Iowa in 2012.

Cruz: Oh yes, four visits in eight months, and on tap to join several other prospects at August Christian conservative event.

Jindal: Yes, state GOP conference in June. Also, summer 2013 visit, then flew with Iowa governor to governors association meeting in Milwaukee. In Iowa seven times in 2012.

Paul: Yes, state GOP conference in June, after three visits in 2013. In March, snagged the state GOP chairman, who announced he was quitting to join Paul as an adviser.

Perry: Yes, three times in six months, more ahead in July and August. Campaigned for Senate hopeful Matt Whitaker in late May and promised to return often for Branstad’s campaign. Visited Des Moines suburbs and Davenport in February, meeting GOP activists and attending an event sponsored by Koch brothers’ Americans for Prosperity. Met Branstad and addressed Des Moines crowd of 400 in November.

Rubio: Yes, just days after 2012 election, but has been largely holding off on a new wave of trips to early voting states. That’s changing.

Ryan: Yes, was keynote speaker for Iowa GOP’s big fundraising dinner in Cedar Rapids in April. Main speaker at governor’s annual birthday fundraiser in November 2013, in first visit since 2012 campaign.

Santorum: Yes, state GOP conference in June, earlier visit with strategists and media. Also August 2013 speech to conservative Christians in state where he won the 2012 caucuses. Screened his new Christmas movie in Iowa in November.

Walker: Yes, fundraiser last year.

GO TO NEW HAMPSHIRE: Nation’s first primary comes after Iowa and is just as important.

Democrats

Biden: Yes, raised money for three Democrats in March visit for job-training event. Quipped: “I’m here about jobs _ not mine.”

Clinton: No. But Ready for Hillary has sent people there this year.

Cuomo: No.

O’Malley: Yes, spoke at Democratic Party dinner in November, returned in June. Also spoke at 2012 convention of New Hampshire Democrats.

Republicans

Bush: No.

Christie: Yes, in June, to help candidate for governor, after a long absence. Visited three times in 2012.

Cruz: Yes, three times since August 2013.

Jindal: Yes, keynote speech to local Republican organization in March, headlined state GOP fundraiser in 2013, visited twice in 2012.

Paul: Yes, addressed Freedom Summit in April. Won straw poll at March meeting of Northeast Republican Leadership Conference in Nashua. Several visits last year.

Perry: No, but had group of 13 conservative leaders from the state to Texas for private meeting in May.

Rubio: Yes, splashy debut in May, first visit of the 2016 season, headlining fundraisers, meeting local officials, giving interviews. Multiple visits before 2012 election.

Ryan: Yes, headlined Manchester fundraiser in February for former House colleague. Canceled October 2013 visit because of government shutdown.

Santorum: Yes, March speech to Northeast Republican Leadership Conference marked his return to a state where he performed weakly in 2012 campaign.

Walker: Yes, headlined a GOP state convention in October 2013, keynote at state party convention in September 2012.

DON’T FORGET SOUTH CAROLINA: First Southern primary and big in its own right.

Democrats

Biden: Yes. In May, gave commencement speech at University of South Carolina and headlined Democratic fundraiser, first visit since he spoke at state party’s annual fundraiser a year earlier. Several earlier visits since 2009.

Clinton: No, but things are stirring. At a May meeting in Columbia partly sponsored by Ready for Hillary, Virginia Sen. Tim Kaine urged Democratic women to “think about pledging your support right now” to ensure she has “millions of us ready to take the field with her” if she runs.

Cuomo: No.

O’Malley: Yes, in May to campaign for state Sen. Vincent Sheheen, Democratic candidate for governor. Also made a 2013 speech to Democratic activists.

Republicans

Bush: Yes, 2012 speech.

Christie: Summer visit expected, to raise money for Gov. Nikki Haley.  Came in 2012 on behalf of GOP presidential nominee Mitt Romney.

Cruz: Yes, speech at The Citadel military college in April was third visit in a year, following event with religious conservatives in November and speech to annual state GOP dinner last May.

Jindal: Yes, made third visit in a year in June, as keynote speaker at state GOP’s biggest gathering, the Silver Elephant dinner.

Paul: Yes, foreign policy speech at The Citadel military college and small GOP fundraiser in Charleston in November 2013 visit; headlined several fundraisers earlier in year.

Perry: Yes, two-day visit in December 2013, addressed state GOP. In August, raised money for Gov. Nikki Haley’s re-election campaign.

Rubio: Yes, headlined 2012 Silver Elephant dinner.

Ryan: Yes, in 2012 campaign.

Santorum: Yes, April GOP event at The Citadel military college, where two sons are cadets. Campaigned in April 2013 for Curtis Bostic in GOP House runoff race; Bostic lost.

Walker: Yes, attended August 2013 fundraiser for Haley, who came to Wisconsin to campaign for him in 2012 recall vote.

GO ABROAD: Helps to give neophytes foreign policy cred, and Israel is a touchstone for U.S. politicians.

Democrats

Biden: You bet. Took in World Cup soccer in Brazil in June as part of his ninth trip to South or Central America since 2009. Attended June inauguration of Ukraine’s new president. Eastern Europe in May. Ukrainian capital in April to symbolize U.S. commitment to new government in its struggle against pro-Russian insurgents and threatening signals from Moscow. Long at forefront of Obama administration’s diplomatic maneuvers with Kiev. Sent to Poland and Lithuania in March to reassure NATO allies anxious about Russia’s annexation of Crimea. December 2013 visits to China, Japan and South Korea. Countless trips to Iraq and Afghanistan during first term.

Clinton: Another globe-trotter, nearly 1 million miles as secretary of state. Limited overseas travel in 2013: honorary degree at St. Andrews University in Scotland in September; trip to London in October for a diplomacy award and a fundraising concert for the family’s foundation. Attended memorial services for Nelson Mandela in South Africa in December. Several engagements in Canada. Trip to Oxford, England, for daughter’s graduation in May.

Cuomo: Doesn’t get around much. Israel twice in 2002.

O’Malley: Yes, considerable. Israel last year for a second time as governor; also visited there as Baltimore mayor. Also Denmark, Ireland, France, Brazil and El Salvador in 2013. Asia in 2011, Iraq in 2010.

Republicans

Bush: Yes, usually several overseas trips a year. Three times to Israel since 1980s.

Christie: Yes, Israel and Jordan in 2012.

Cruz: Yes, Ukraine in May, meeting leaders of the protest movement that ousted pro-Russian president. Visited Israel, Ukraine, Poland and Estonia to meet various leaders on the same trip. Has been to Israel two other times since 2012, including as part of Senate Republican delegation that went to Afghanistan, too.

Jindal: January 2014 trade and investment mission to Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, first time overseas as governor. Canada in August 2013 to speak to oil industry about his support of the Keystone XL Pipeline.

Paul: Yes, Israel and Jordan in 2013.

Perry: Yes, has visited Israel numerous times including an October trip that included a photo op with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, meeting Cabinet members and a separate stop in London to see British officials and financial leaders.

Rubio: Yes, visited the Philippines, Japan and South Korea in January, foreign policy speech in London in early December and Israel, Jordan, Palestinian Authority, Afghanistan in February 2013. Also went to Israel after 2010 election to Senate.

Ryan: Yes, Middle East during congressional career; visited troops in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Santorum: Scant foreign travel while in the Senate drew notice in 2012 GOP campaign.

Walker: Yes, China in 2013 trade mission.

MEET THE MONEY: To know donors now is to tap them later.

Democrats

Biden: Yes, headlined fundraiser for Democrats in late May at San Francisco home of billionaire Tom Steyer, a leading Democratic donor. Is actively fundraising for Democratic committees and candidates in 2014 midterms. Regularly schmoozes contributors at private receptions.

Clinton: Can tap deep well of Democratic and activist money. Former President Bill Clinton’s vigorous fundraising for Democratic candidates further expands that potential source of donors for her. She’s been raising money for Clinton foundation. The super PAC Ready for Hillary has raised nearly $6 million since its founding last year to support a candidacy. Priorities USA said in January it will back Clinton if she runs, signaling support from senior members of President Barack Obama’s campaign team. Prominent bundlers such as Hollywood moguls Jeffrey Katzenberg and Haim Saban have indicated their support.

Cuomo: Flush coffers for 2014 governor’s race.

O’Malley: Yes, has many bases covered as one of the party’s top fundraisers. Raised more than $1 million for President Barack Obama’s re-election campaign and in December ended his year as finance chairman for the Democratic Governors Association.

Republicans

Bush: Yes, addressed well-heeled crowd at Manhattan Institute, led by GOP benefactor Paul Singer, in May. Flew to Las Vegas in March to meet GOP super-donor Sheldon Adelson and address Republican Jewish Coalition at Adelson’s company airport hangar. In February, his short video for a GOP fundraiser at Donald Trump’s Palm Beach, Florida, estate was a bigger hit than Cruz’s keynote speech. Party in summer of 2013 for his immigration book at home of Woody Johnson, owner of the New York Jets and a leading Republican bundler. Has longtime Wall Street connections.

Christie: Yes, his year as GOP governors chairman gives him regular access to GOP’s top national donors as he raises record sums to help candidates. Some big donors, though, question whether he’s still a viable prospect after scandal surfaced over politically motivated traffic tie-ups in New Jersey. Addressed Romney’s Utah retreat drawing together donors and establishment-focused policy people. Was among a handful of high-profile Republicans to meet with super-donor Sheldon Adelson in Las Vegas at his resort casino in late March. Followed up with more Jewish donors at New York event attended by Adelson in May. Courted donors for his re-election campaign in 2013 national tour, when Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg hosted an event at his Palo Alto home.

Cruz: Yes, met in March with top California conservative donors and keynoted Trump fundraiser. Has list of potential donors that’s still growing after he collected more than 1.5 million signatures for the online petition “Don’tFundObamaCare,” which he began in 2013.

Jindal: Yes, met leading GOP donors in New York City, as most GOP prospects do over time.  Among prospective candidates who visited Iowa GOP donor Bruce Rastetter’s farm in August 2013 for annual fundraiser for the governor.

Paul: Yes, headlined luncheon in April at Boston-area equity firm led by Romney’s former national finance chairman and Romney’s oldest son, Tagg, an event that drew together the 2012 presidential candidate’s inner circle. Also attended Romney’s 2014 and 2013 Utah retreats. Has met GOP donors in New York City.

Perry: Yes, friendly with big donors nationwide as former head of Republican Governors Association and has strong contacts both with grass-roots activists and mainstream GOP donors after so many years in office in Texas. In May, attended Manhattan Champions of Jewish Values event with mega-donor Sheldon Adelson and Christie. Has led many job-poaching missions in big states with Democratic governors and met donors privately during those trips, especially in New York and California.

Rubio: Yes, aggressive national fundraising outreach, including trips to New York and California to meet potential donors. Raised more money last year than potential rivals Ted Cruz and Rand Paul. Among a handful of possible candidates to attend September 2013 event at home of Woody Johnson, New York Jets’ owner and Romney’s 2012 national finance chairman.

Ryan: Yes, attracts Wall Street interest. Addressed GOP donor Paul Singer’s Manhattan Institute at same May event that heard from Bush. Had a follow-up reception with Singer and Woody Johnson. Attended Romney’s 2014 and 2013 Utah retreats, has money connections from 2012 campaign.

Santorum: 2012 shoestring campaign was largely fueled by a super political action committee to which Republican donor Foster Friess gave more than $2 million.

Walker: Yes. Addressed Republican Jewish Coalition at a Las Vegas gathering in March where main attraction was Adelson, who’s looking where to place his bets in GOP field. Headlined 2013 fundraisers in New York and Connecticut.

NETWORK LIKE MAD: Taking their case to ideologues, activists and party heavyweights who hold great sway in nomination race.

Democrats

Biden: And how. Addressed nation’s governors in July, some of them also considering running for president. Says he plans to campaign in more than 100 races in the 2014 election. Meets regularly with former Senate colleagues and congressional Democrats. Gives keynote speeches at annual state Democratic Party dinners across the country. Making calls for House Democrats’ campaign organization, assisting in recruitment of candidates, speaking to liberal activists. Campaigned for new Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Speaks regularly to special interests.

Clinton: Frenetic pace of book tour has a distinct campaign feel. In May, attended her first political event of the year, a fundraiser for Pennsylvania congressional primary candidate Marjorie Margolies, mother-in-law of Chelsea Clinton (Margolies lost). A steady presence now on the speaking circuit, delivering paid speeches to industry groups and conferences and appearing before college crowds and groups with ties to the Democratic coalition.

Cuomo: Sparingly. Rarely leaves New York.

O’Malley: Yes. Busy season, with speeches to Democrats in California in March, Wisconsin in April, Massachusetts in May, Iowa in June, Nebraska in July, more. “I’m going to do quite a bit more traveling this summer … supporting like-minded Democrats in states with important races,” he wrote in a May fundraising letter from his political action committee. Appeared with Bill Clinton at Clinton Global Initiative America event in Colorado in June; Clinton called him a “terrific governor.” Was Democratic governors’ chairman for two years until December 2012.

Republicans

Bush: Doing more this year politically after a long period of “a little self-restraint.” Already a GOP establishment favorite; House Speaker John Boehner has been nudging him to run. Recent travels to Tennessee, New Mexico, Nevada and Texas. Endorsed GOP establishment favorites in North Carolina Senate and California governor primaries. Skipped Conservative Political Action Conference in March, after giving keynote speech to the influential group a year earlier, and declined to address Faith and Freedom Coalition in June.

Christie: Yes, more than 20 out-of-state appearances in at least states as chairman of GOP governors group. Bolstering his political network in important primary states. Spring speech pleased activists at Conservative Political Action Conference, which snubbed him last year because he’d been too chummy with President Barack Obama in Superstorm Sandy’s aftermath. Addressed Republican Jewish Coalition spring meeting in Las Vegas, spending a full day with top donors and GOP operatives, and courted Christian conservatives at Faith and Freedom Coalition.

Cruz: Yes, vigorously. Gave well-received speech and won presidential straw poll at Republican Leadership Conference in New Orleans in late May. Was among headliners of Western Republican Leadership Conference in Utah in April, the same month he addressed the NRA’s April leadership forum by video.  Addressed Conservative Political Action Conference in March, after landing group’s coveted keynote role in 2013, and Faith and Freedom Coalition in June. Addressed 2012 Republican National Convention before he was even elected to the Senate.

Jindal: Big time and small time, far and wide. Told Faith and Freedom Coalition he senses a “rebellion brewing” from Americans ready for a “hostile takeover” of Washington. Addressed South Carolina GOP dinner as well as Iowa convention in June, May commencement address at Liberty University in Virginia, a familiar stop for prospective candidates. Addressed NRA annual leadership forum in April, Conservative Political Action Conference in March, also in 2013. Made time for fundraiser for local sheriff in Michigan. Altogether, has spent much of his time during six years as governor on the road, talking to GOP and activist groups, supporting Republican candidates and promoting achievements. Has close ties with social conservatives. Created political action committee to help conservative candidates running for Congress, giving him continued opportunities to network nationally.

Paul: Yes, and now roaming freely beyond tea party tent. Kentucky Sen. Mitch McConnell used Paul’s testimonials in primary campaign that beat back a tea party challenger. Paul had private audience in April with Romney advisers from 2012 campaign, is helping Republicans across political spectrum, including moderate Sen. Susan Collins of Maine, and has pitched in with party leaders to heal divisions from last campaign. Had spring speeches at Harvard and University of California. Generated buzz and won symbolic straw poll at Conservative Political Action Conference in March.

Perry:  Yes, interrupted by cries of “Run, Rick, run!” while addressing Republican Leadership Conference in New Orleans in May, following recent appearances in Florida and Pennsylvania. That speech went better than last summer, when he mistakenly referred to being in Florida during a RedState Gathering event in New Orleans. Also spoke at past two Conservative Political Action Conferences.

Rubio: Yes, stepping it up. Faith and Freedom Coalition in June. Private audience with Republican National Committee in Memphis in May, right after his New Hampshire trip. Earlier outreach to conservative and party activists focused on repairing tea party relationships strained over immigration. Well-received speech to Conservative Political Action Conference in March. In Virginia governor’s race, campaigned for Republican Ken Cuccinelli, who lost. Speech to National Rifle Association in April; also foreign policy speech at University of Texas, more.

Ryan: Yes, prime networker as 2012 vice presidential candidate; now helping fellow House members raise money. One of several prospective candidates at Romney’s June retreat. Didn’t make it to Faith and Freedom Coalition.

Santorum: Took on gay marriage, a subject most potential rivals are playing down, in speech to Faith and Freedom Coalition. Addressed NRA convention in April; speeches to groups around the country, including Conservative Political Action Conference. His Christian-themed film company is his calling card with religious conservatives.

Walker: One of only a few 2016 prospects who spoke to Republican Jewish Coalition. Skipped the big Conservative Political Action Conference in March, appeared there last year. Campaigned for GOP in Virginia governor’s race. Spoke to Michigan Republican Leadership Conference on Mackinac Island in September 2013.

HOG THE TV: Achieving national recognition by sermonizing on the Sunday news shows, or going for soft questions and easy laughs on late-night TV.

Democrats

Biden: He’s back. After being largely absent from the airwaves for more than a year, Biden has resumed frequent interviews, including joint TV appearance with Obama in April. He did a TV blitz the morning after the State of the Union, a CNN interview aboard an Amtrak train and dished on his skin care routine and his wife’s oddball pranks during an interview with Rachael Ray. But not a Sunday news show fixture.

Clinton: She’s back. Doing high-wattage interviews to promote her book and herself, starting with prime-time ABC interview that was timed to book’s release. Was largely absent from airwaves before that. But showed up for Barbara Walters’ last taping of “The View” in May. Late-night TV host Jimmy Kimmel interviewed her at Arizona State University in March. Sat down with Walters, who named her the “Most Fascinating Person of 2013” in December.  Appeared jointly with Obama on CBS’s “60 Minutes” early in 2013.

Cuomo: No. Prefers radio.

O’Malley: Getting back in the swing. January 2014 Sunday news show appearance on CNN was first in months, followed by CBS in February.

Republicans

Bush: Blanketed the five Sunday shows one day in March 2013 to plug his book on immigration, a few appearances other times.

Christie: He’s back, too. Shook a leg on “The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon” in June, marking his return to late-night TV, where he liked to cut up before the traffic scandal surfaced and made him keep his head low. Last year, tended to avoid the usual sober circuit _ most conspicuously, the Sunday news shows _ although he appeared on four of them the day after his 2013 re-election.

Cruz: Yes, now a mainstay on Sunday news shows. Frequent guest on Fox News and CNN.

Jindal: No, only a couple of Sunday news show appearances since 2012 election.

Paul: Leader of the chattering pack with more than a dozen Sunday talk show appearances since 2012 election, including one in April from New Hampshire. In June, criticized Bush administration’s record on Iraq on one show, while, on another, former Vice President Dick Cheney branded him an isolationist. Frequent guest on news networks, especially Fox.

Perry: Making many national TV appearances while starring in flood of media spots to persuade businesses in Democratic-led states to move to Texas. On NBC’s “Meet the Press” in May: “I’m going to be across the country talking about red-state versus blue-state policies. Hopefully engaged in a good, thoughtful, winsome conversation about how do we make America more competitive.”

Rubio: Staying on par with most rivals in Sunday news show appearances, did one from New Hampshire in May. Blanketed all five Sunday shows one day in April 2013 to talk about immigration, before he dropped the subject. Frequent guest on news networks.

Ryan: Many Sunday news show appearances since 2012 election. Occasional guest on network news.

Santorum: Yes, promoting his new book. Plugged his Christmas movie on “The Colbert Report,” Fox News, MSNBC and more. Radio, too. Teamed up with Democrat Howard Dean as sparring partners for debates on the air and with audiences.

Walker: Already on the Sunday news show scoreboard for 2014. Half dozen or so Sunday news show appearances since 2012 election. Also, Piers Morgan, Lou Dobbs, more national TV interviews.

ACTUALLY DO SOMETHING: For voters who want to support doers, not just talkers.

Democrats

Biden: Leading Obama’s review of federal job-training programs, prime player in U.S. response to Ukrainian crisis. His office co-chaired a White House task force to address sexual assault on campuses. Point man on gun control, which failed. Negotiated fiscal cliff deal.

Clinton: Record as secretary of state, senator and first lady. Recent initiatives to help children’s health and education and status of women.

Cuomo: 2014 budget proposal calls for tax cuts for businesses, homeowners and renters. In 2013, pushed through nation’s first gun-control law after the Newtown, Connecticut, school massacre. Led New York’s effort to legalize same-sex marriage in 2011. Minimum wage boost, on-time budgets, teacher standards.

O’Malley: Toughened gun laws, repealed death penalty, saw voters approve gay marriage after he got behind legislation to approve it, set up a framework to develop offshore wind power, won legislative approval in April of minimum wage increase, a 2014 priority.

Republicans

Bush: As Florida governor, revamped state educational system, cut taxes, managed state through hurricanes.

Christie: Won November 2013 re-election, becoming first Republican to earn more than 50 percent of New Jersey vote in quarter-century. Led state’s response to Superstorm Sandy. Agreed to expand state’s Medicaid program under the new health law while some other Republican governors have refused to do so. Vetoed a bill that would have sanctioned gay marriage but declined to appeal a court ruling that legalized it. Facing massive state budget deficit, proposed slashing pension fund payments over the next year to balance budget.

Cruz: Leading force in dispute that partly shut the government, 21-hour Senate speech against Obama’s health law. Argued before U.S. Supreme Court nine times, eight of those while he was Texas’ longest-serving solicitor general, between 2003 and 2008.

Jindal: Privatized much of Louisiana’s Medicaid program, shrank public hospital system, signed statewide voucher program that covers private school tuition for certain students. Signed abortion restrictions, fought liberalization of adoption law, making it impossible for gay couples to adopt jointly. Hurricane and Gulf oil spill disaster response.

Paul: One-man, nearly 13-hour Senate filibuster to protest drone policy put him at forefront of civil liberties debate.

Perry: “Texas Miracle” job-creation boom saw state create a third of net new jobs nationwide for 10 years ending in 2013, although Texas has disproportionately high percentage of hourly workers earning minimum wage or less. Helped muscle through new abortion restrictions. Key figure in the unfolding Mexican border crisis, pressing Washington for National Guard troops to secure border and use of drones to find human traffickers.

Rubio: Broker of Senate immigration overhaul, though he’s gone quiet on the issue. Early leader of effort to link financing of health care law to government shutdown. Working with anti-abortion groups on Senate version of bill that would ban abortions after 20 weeks.

Ryan: Negotiated December 2013 bipartisan budget deal that scaled back across-the-board spending cuts, drawing contrast with potential rivals who opposed it. Budget-hawk record to be judged on. Emerging as influential moderate on immigration.

Santorum: Making Christian-themed, family-friendly movies at the moment; record from Senate days.

Walker: Curbs on public service unions became national flashpoint, but he won the effort _ and the recall election that followed.

TAKE A NATIONAL STAND: Effective state governance is nice but leaders must build national stature on issues of the day.

Democrats

Biden: Eclectic. Guns, violence against women, gay rights, veterans.

Clinton: Eclectic positions on the economy, housing, opportunities for women, voting rights, now being voiced with more force. The only major presidential prospect in either party to say Cuban trade embargo should be lifted. But avoided taking a position on Keystone XL pipeline when asked about it after Toronto speech in June.

Cuomo: Environmentalists nationally and the energy industry are closely watching his pending decision whether to allow fracking in upstate New York counties near the Pennsylvania line.

O’Malley: The liberal checklist: more spending on education, infrastructure, transportation; supports same-sex marriage, immigration reform, repealing death penalty, pushes environmental protections.

Republicans

Bush: Unapologetic proponent of Common Core education standards and immigration changes opposed by many in GOP.

Christie: Moderate on the reach and functions of government; bipartisanship.

Cruz: Anti-Obama’s health care law, pushes broader tea party agenda.

Jindal: A record of privatization to show he means government should be trimmed, happy to carry a social conservative banner.

Paul: Tea-party plus, with a libertarian streak that places him to the left of rivals on some issues, to the right on others. Blames chaos in Iraq on Bush administration’s decision to invade, not on Obama.  Fiscal conservative, criticizes surveillance state. Says GOP should back off on pushing state voter ID laws offensive to blacks. Health law scold. Joining in 2014 with liberal lawmakers and others in effort to roll back some mandatory minimum sentences and give judges more flexibility in fitting punishment to crime.

Perry: Front and center in the child-migrant crisis at the Mexican border, put Obama on the spot in asking him to witness the scene during Texas fund-raising trip in July; Obama met the governor but declined the “photo opp” border visit. In June, Perry likened homosexuality to alcoholism as a condition that can be controlled, bringing a sharp rebuke from Christie. Perry backed off, saying he’d “stepped right in it” with the remark. Prominent voice on conservative issues since before the birth of the tea party.  Wants to ban all abortion in Texas, relax environmental regulations, boost states’ rights.

Rubio: Proposes higher retirement age for Social Security benefits for younger workers and restraints on benefit increases to the wealthy. 2014 initiative on poverty calls for federal wage supplements for some low-wage workers instead of earned income tax credit. Economy, abortion, tea party fiscal conservatism; immigration liberalization if he decides to get back to it. Another voice against health care law. Has become a leading GOP voice in foreign policy, pressing for stronger U.S. action in geopolitical hot spots. On climate change: “I do not believe that human activity is causing these dramatic changes to our climate the way these scientists are portraying it.”

Ryan: Cutting spending, taking on entitlements, rolling back Obama’s health law. Anti-poverty initiative this year.

Santorum: Social conservative activism goes way back. Focus on blue-collar economic opportunity. Speaking against libertarian streak in GOP, a “strain of conservatism that has no basis in conservatism.” Book calls climate change “hyped-up crisis.”

Walker: Fiscal stewardship, from a GOP point of view. Tough guy against the unions and liberal defenders of the status quo. Says GOP in Congress is the party of no.

BAGGAGE TO CHECK: It’s never too early to deal with skeletons in the closet; rivals will be rattling them soon enough.

Democrats

Biden: Flubs, fibs, age. Deflection: “I am who I am.” Saddled by Obama’s low approval ratings.

Clinton: Age, Benghazi and the politics of being a Clinton. On the defensive about her wealth since declaring she and her husband were “dead broke” upon leaving White House. Deflection: Says her hefty college speaking fees _ $225,000, for example, at University of Nevada _ are going to her family’s charitable foundation. Acknowledged her “dead broke” comment was unartful.  Republicans are already raising questions, if not innuendo, about her health, which she says is fine. GOP wants to pin blame on her for vulnerability of U.S. diplomatic mission in Libya that came under deadly attack in 2012

Cuomo: New York economy is dragging, his poll numbers have sunk, went through public and bitter divorce with Kerry Kennedy, daughter of late Sen. Robert Kennedy, in 2005.

O’Malley: State-run health insurance exchange website was an expensive bust, prompting officials to make an embarrassing switch in April to one based on Connecticut’s. Contraband- and drug-smuggling scheme at state-run Baltimore City Detention Center that resulted in 44 people being indicted has state lawmakers looking to make reforms.  Has record of raising taxes that could be challenged by less liberal Democrats, never mind Republicans.

Republicans

Bush: The Bush factor. Does the country want a Bush dynasty after presidents George H. W. and George W.? Courting trouble with the right with positions on education and remarks in April that people who cross into the U.S. illegally are doing so as an “act of love” for their families.

Christie: If you have to declare “I am not a bully,” you’ve got a problem. Apologized in January 2014 for highway lane closures apparently ordered by his aides as retribution against a mayor who did not endorse him for re-election. Also fired his deputy chief of staff and denied knowledge of the machinations.  Episode deepened questions about what Christie, or those around him, will do to win and contributed to a significant drop in his poll standings. Investigations continue. Blamed state’s budget mess on Democrats, creating some wear and tear on his reputation as a bipartisan figure.

Cruz: Reputation as a hotheaded upstart, also part of his appeal. Polarizing within his party. Also comes with birther baggage: Questions have been raised in some quarters about his constitutional standing to become president because of his birth in Canada, to a Cuban father and American mother. Deflection: Renounced Canadian citizenship.

Jindal: Ambitious plan to replace state’s personal and corporate taxes with higher sales taxes flopped, delivered dud of a speech when given juicy platform of responding to Obama’s first presidential address to Congress in 2009. Deflection: Poking fun at himself. Jindal administration’s award of a $200 million Medicaid contract is under investigation by state and federal grand juries.

Paul: Dear old dad: Must move beyond Ron Paul’s fringe reputation. Bridge-burning in Congress endears him to tea party, could bite him otherwise. Deflection: GOP outreach to minorities. The Washington Times canceled his column after he was found to have used passages from other people in his speeches and writings as if they were his own. Deflection:  Promising proper citations and footnotes for his pronouncements “if it will make people leave me the hell alone.”

Perry: “Oops!” Memories of his stumbling 2012 campaign, a quick progression from a front-runner to flameout. Deflection: Owns up to his “botched efforts” in last campaign. Also a potential drag: a grand jury investigation in Austin into whether he abused power by cutting off state financing for an office of public corruption prosecutors led by a Democrat who refused to resign after being convicted of drunken driving.

Rubio: Rift with tea party constituency on immigration, “a real trial for me.” Deflection: Go aggressive on a matter of common ground, which he did in pledging to take apart the health law. And stop talking about immigration. Response to Obama’s 2013 State of the Union speech was remembered only for his clumsy reach for water. Deflection: Made fun of himself.

Ryan: Budget axe cuts both ways _ catnip to conservatives but people want their Medicare. Carries stigma of 2012 election loss as running mate. Tea party not happy with his late 2013 budget deal. Comments in March about cultural “tailspin” in inner cities struck some as veiled racism. Deflection: Called his remark “inarticulate.”

Santorum: Overshadowed by newer conservative figures. Deflection: Being overshadowed means being an underdog, and he can thrive at that. Feisty 2012 campaign became the biggest threat to Romney’s march to the nomination. New book contains provocative passages for future rivals to dredge up.

Walker: Some things that give him huge appeal with GOP conservatives _ taking on unions, most notably _ would whip up Democratic critics in general election. Wisconsin has lagged in job creation. Release of emails in February shed light on criminal investigation into whether Walker’s aides were illegally doing campaign work for the 2010 governor’s election while being paid as county employees. Walker, then a county executive, wasn’t charged but the episode has proved a distraction.

RUN SHADOW CAMPAIGN: One way to run without running is to have a political action committee to promote ideas or other candidates for office, or to hire advisers who can switch to a campaign when the time comes.

Democrats

Biden: Constrained by his current job but tapped longtime adviser and former lobbyist Steve Ricchetti to be his new chief of staff; maintains close contact with political advisers past and present.

Clinton: Ready for Hillary super PAC set up by supporters is laying groundwork, so are others. Several old Clinton hands are advising the group, including Craig T. Smith and Harold Ickes.

Cuomo: Overshadowed by Clinton’s shadow campaign. Considered a likely contender if Clinton ends up not running.

O’Malley: Set up a PAC called O’Say Can You See and hired two people for fundraising and communications.

Republicans

Bush: He’s a Bush, so he’s got connections. Sally Bradshaw, chief of staff when he was governor, is his go-to political person.

Christie: Republican Governors Association chairmanship allows him to grow his national profile with voters and party officials with regular travel and key appearances. Began building broad coalition of donors through his national fundraising tour in spring 2013.  But the shadow of the traffic scandal still hangs over his shadow campaign.

Cruz:  Has leadership PAC, Jobs Growth and Economic Freedom. Has been one of the largest beneficiaries of Jim DeMint’s Senate Conservatives Fund and has gotten millions of dollars and grassroots logistical support from the Club for Growth, FreedomWorks and Ending Spending PAC. Heritage Action PAC helped sponsor Cruz’s summer anti-health-law trip around Texas and country.

Jindal: Created Washington-based nonprofit, America Next, in October 2013 to push policy ideas nationally. For executive director, tapped Jill Neunaber, who worked on Romney’s presidential campaign in Iowa and New Hampshire. In March created PAC to help conservative candidates.

Paul: Has formidable leadership PAC called Rand PAC, has maintained ties to father’s political network in early primary states and benefits from strong tea party support. Is starting to build teams on the ground in most states.

Perry: Created Americans for Economic Freedom PAC in fall 2013 to raise his profile again, help him test the waters and broadcast ads promoting Republican leadership around the country. Group used more than $200,000 left over from the PAC that raised millions for his 2012 campaign.

Rubio: Beginning more aggressive travel to early voting states, has lagged potential rivals on that front. Ramping up in other ways, too: Shuffled his staff and directed political resources of his Reclaim America PAC to three big Senate midterm races this year, one of them the GOP primary in Iowa.

Ryan: His Prosperity Action PAC. Questions remain about whether he will make a presidential bid given his rising influence in Congress.

Santorum: Keeps in touch with chief supporters of his winning 2012 Iowa caucus campaign, giving him a leg up on a campaign organization in that state.

Walker: Consults with top Republican governor strategists such as Phil Musser and Nick Ayers.

GET WITH IT ON SOCIAL MEDIA: A must for spreading ideas, poking competitors, raising money, organizing events and showing a personal side, though often a very canned version.

Democrats

Biden: Launched Instagram account in April. Not active on Facebook, occasional contributor to his office’s vigorous Twitter account.

Clinton: About 1.4 million followers on Twitter, her preferred social media outlet. Tweets photos of her posing with Republican Sen. John McCain, members of the Russian feminist protest group Pussy Riot, more. Tweets that grandmother-to-be is “my most exciting title yet!”

Cuomo: Few if any personal tweets; Facebook also generated primarily by staff.

O’Malley: On Twitter, standard governor’s fare but promotes rare appearances by his Celtic rock band, O’Malley’s March, for which he sings and plays guitar, banjo and tin whistle. Posted photo of himself playing banjo in downtown Annapolis in May. On Facebook, his PAC-generated page is more active than official governor’s account.

Republicans

Bush: Tweets and posts many Wall Street Journal stories, education thoughts and some Bush family doings.

Christie: More engaged in Twitter (“It was great to be able to visit with the owners of Rossi’s Rent-A-Rama in Ortley today.”) than Facebook.

Cruz: Active on Facebook and Twitter, much content is pumped out by staff. Tweeted Google map directions to the Mexican border to help Obama find it _ a poke at the president’s decision not to visit the scene of the child-migrant crisis during a Texas find-raising trip in July. But the Texas senator himself has been no closer to the border than 150-plus miles since the crisis began.

Jindal: Active on Twitter and on Facebook, where he lists among favorite books, “John Henry Newman: A Biography,” about recently canonized British cardinal and sage. Also favors James Bond movies.

Paul: Aggressive. Bragged on Twitter last year that he’d attracted more than 1 million likes for his Facebook page, where he listed his own books as his favorites.

Perry: Active. One popular tweet was accidental _ from his pocket, he said _ and consisted of “I.”  Followers jumped in to complete his sentence. One offered: “I … really like Obamacare.” (He doesn’t.) Facebook appears staff-generated.

Rubio: Aggressive, with large followings, appears to make personal use of Twitter more than staff-generated Facebook. Takes lots of shots at the health law. On Facebook, lists “Pulp Fiction” movie and “The Tudors” historical fiction TV series among favorites.

Ryan: King of Facebook among potential rivals in both parties, with nearly 4.9 million likes. Seeks $10 donations for “Team Ryan” bumper stickers for his PAC and kisses a fish. Posts photo of Obama with his feet up on Oval Office desk. Commanding presence on Twitter, too, via an account associated with his PAC and another as congressman.

Santorum: Active on Twitter and Facebook.

Walker: Posts vigorously on Facebook and on his Twitter accounts. Many exclamation points. “Glad USDA is keeping cranberries on school menus. I drink several bottles of cranberry juice each day!” Promotes policy achievements and his TV appearances, reflects on sports, pokes Obama.

Cuomo, lawmakers agree on cyberbully bill

Students in New York will learn the potentially deadly hazards of cyberbullying and school officials will be mandated to respond to the earliest reports of it, according to Gov. Andrew Cuomo and legislative leaders, who agreed to a bill on the subject that passed early this week.

The bill, approved by the senate and general assembly this week, defines cyberbullying as harassment, insults, taunting and threats through social media. The bill doesn’t, however, include a criminal charge that a senator had insisted last week is essential to curbing the rising harassment blamed on a string of teen suicides.

The law will require schools to designate an official responsible for prompt action on any reports of cyberbullying. The bill also requires schools to coordinate with police “when appropriate” and develop a strategy for dealing with cyberbullying. All present and future school officials would also be trained to detect and act on instances of cyberbullying.

Many lawmakers were opposed to creating a law that be used to prosecute teenagers. New York Sen. Jeffrey Klein had pushed late last week to include a criminal charge in the bill. The Democrat representing the Bronx and parts of Westchester County said New York had a chance to lead the nation in combating the growing national problem

“Preventing cyberbullying and other forms of harassment and discrimination is a top priority that is at the center of improving school performance and the guiding the personal growth of our children,” Cuomo said Saturday. He said it’s a key to “support a student’s right to learn.”

Cyberbullying and the sometimes subsequent suicide are rising even as crimes in schools are declining nationwide. The National School Safety Center reports that while the proportion of students, ages 12 to 18, who reported being bullied at school has declined from 32 to 28 percent, the proportion of those who say they are bullied online increased from 4 to 6 percent.

The center’s Ron Stephens had said “cyberbullying issue has really moved to center stage.”

Some of the recent cases include the suicide of a bullied gay teenager in Western New York after offensive comments he endured online and a 15-year-old girl on Staten Island who jumped in front of a city bus two days after Christmas after she was tormented on Facebook.

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NY City Council Speaker Quinn marries partner

New York City council speaker Christine Quinn married her longtime partner Kim Catullo on Saturday in a private ceremony on a sunny, warm spring evening.

The city council’s first openly gay speaker and Catullo were walked down the aisle by their fathers. Quinn wore a gown made by designer Carolina Herrera. Catullo wore a cream silk suit designed by Ralph Lauren.

The theme of the wedding was “Spring in New York,” and was inspired by the High Line city park, around the corner from the venue in Manhattan’s Chelsea neighborhood. A variety of local flowers were used, many wildflowers that grow at the park.

Photos of the couple released later Saturday showed the two hand-in hand, smiling. Quinn wore a one-of-a-kind hair comb fashioned with family heirlooms. Among the guests in attendance were New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo, as well as Mayor Michael Bloomberg and U.S. Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand and Charles Schumer.

It was a private end to a public battle over the right for same-sex marriage. Quinn, along with many others, lobbied for the law that New York passed last summer.

The wedding comes 10 days after President Barack Obama voiced his support for same-sex marriage. After his announcement, Quinn — a Democrat who is expected to run to replace Bloomberg next year and currently leads the pack of presumptive candidates in fundraising — said it made her feel that the president himself would be walking her down the aisle.

Both women lost their mothers to cancer when they were teenagers, and they have established a women’s cancer research fund in their honor in advance of the ceremony. Bloomberg, a billionaire who lobbied for the marriage legalization along with Quinn, has said he will make a donation.

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Lessons from the NY victory

New York has officially become the sixth state to enact a marriage equality law. This is an obvious victory on a number of levels. New York has the third largest population in the nation, so its action opens the door to full equality for many more people. Because New York does not require residency to obtain a marriage license, the new law impacts people beyond the state’s borders.

We must remember that a winning political strategy helped deliver these results. As we celebrate the New York developments in Wisconsin, we should look at how that strategy worked.

The day after the historic vote, The New York Times ran an in-depth, behind-the-scenes report on how the marriage law was passed. The most prominent theme of the story was the strong and determined leadership of Gov. Andrew Cuomo. He reportedly told people in very simple and direct terms, “I have to do this.” He didn’t just say the words, but rather he proceeded to take full charge and ownership of the actual effort. 

Leveraging personal relationships proved critical very early in the effort. Cuomo’s longtime companion has an openly gay brother, and one of the key Republican funders of the effort has a gay son. The personal and family relationships of some key legislators helped to eventually flip their votes on the marriage issue. Leveraging these personal connections clearly helped inspire the effort.

To their credit, all but one of the Democrats in the New York Senate voted for the marriage equality bill. Because of the near-perfect solidarity among Democrats, the coalition only needed a handful of moderate Republicans to join them. That is when the well-timed use of corporate support for equality proved to be yet another key to the overall strategy. When one of the four Republican moderates who eventually voted for the bill was having a problem getting off the fence, a major employer in his district publicly endorsed the marriage bill. That endorsement plus a letter-writing campaign from people in his district helped to finally push him into voting for equality.

Another critical part of the effort included the use of many different groups joining together and collaborating as a single unit. Rather than constantly competing with each other and doing their own thing, these groups resolved to play from the exact same book. They shared the same goals, the same timing and even the same name. That was quite an accomplishment, as the coalition included wealthy Republican donors, major corporations, labor unions and a wide variety of LGBT advocacy organizations. It seems that every element of the coalition focused on its specialty and employed it at just the right moment.

The story of New York’s victory offers guidance into how we might adjust our advocacy efforts in Wisconsin. Obviously we are not operating in the same context or environment. But that doesn’t mean we can’t take away lessons to apply here at home.

My New York-induced crying jag

The legalization of same-sex marriage in New York reduced this usually tough old dyke to tears. Copious tears.

I knew that events were developing quickly, that a lot of money and influence and horse-trading and strong-arming were going on. But I was still stunned when the New York Legislature passed the bill and Gov. Andrew Cuomo immediately signed it just before midnight June 24.

I first learned about this on Rachel Maddow’s show (who better to bring us that great news?) and then spent most of the night reading online updates at The New York Times and watching video clips on YouTube.

And I was blubbering like a baby the whole time.

The eve of Pride weekend in New York City, just days from the 42nd anniversary of the Stonewall Rebellion! How perfect, how profound was that finish?

In my last column, I mentioned the brave pioneers of the Mattachine Society, the first organized group in the United States to publicly advocate for the human and civil rights of homosexuals. It was 1951. It was a time when gay people could be imprisoned and institutionalized, subject to shock treatments and even lobotomy. That was only 60 years ago.

The progress we have made in a relatively short period of time is truly amazing.

I’m not a big flag waver, but this Fourth of July I will be thinking more than usual about the freedoms we enjoy in this country and marveling about the flexibility of a system that allows for such change and progress.

Cuomo is my new hero. He was only inaugurated Jan. 1 of this year, and he made marriage equality one of the central goals of his administration. He continually addressed the issue with clarity and determination. It was not, he said, “a question of religion or culture but a question of legal rights and government policy. This is a matter of fairness and equality. When it comes to fighting for what’s right, New Yorkers wrote the book, and marriage equality is the next chapter of our civil rights story.”

Cuomo worked doggedly with legislative leaders, cajoled doubters, framed exemptions for religious organizations, organized influential allies and boosted the bill through the Republican-controlled state Senate by four votes. (A similar bill had actually lost by 14 votes in the Democratic-controlled Senate in December 2009.)

Popular NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg and former Police Commissioner William Bratton were pugnacious advocates. Wealthy gay and pro-gay businesspeople committed millions to support the marriage equality lobbying campaign and pledged millions more to Dem and GOP legislators who may face blowback from disapproving constituents.

There were compelling personal factors too. We know that people who have a family member or friend who is gay are more passionate about equality for LGBT folks. It turns out Cuomo’s partner, Susan, has a gay brother. Bloomberg’s niece, Rachel, is a lesbian. Bratton’s sister is a lesbian who was married in Massachusetts last year. Surely, most of the legislators have loved ones who are gay.

Harvey Milk’s words were so prescient: When we come out, we change the world.

So I’ve finally stopped crying. It was a good crying jag, flowing from a place of joy and hope. God knows, we will have plenty of challenges ahead, especially given the thugs who dominate Wisconsin’s three branches of government. But New York was a great shot in the arm and proves that money, message and political engagement can bring about real change.

Let’s all get to work here!

Labor takes NY marriage vow

Dozens of union groups have committed to campaigning for same-sex marriage in New York.

An intense effort is underway in the state to move a marriage equality bill before the current legislative session ends this month. The push has the support of a majority of Democratic lawmakers in Albany, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, former Republican National Committee Chair Ken Mehlman, a number of Fortune 500 companies headquartered in New York and a coalition of civil rights groups.

The push also has the support of a long list of labor organizations – from the Actor’s Equity Association to the UUP.

“The organized labor movement in this state and a majority of New Yorkers believe the denial of marriage equality hurts not just individuals, but also family members, neighbors and co-workers who care about the well-being of same-sex couples and the children they care for,” said Mary Sullivan, president of the Capital District Area Labor Federation.

She continued, “While some measures have been taken to bring recognition to these families, there is no substitute for marriage. No legal mechanism for protecting families is as widely accepted or has as clear legal precedent and meaning as marriage. Continuing to deny access to marriage for loving, committed same-sex couples discriminates against them and relegates them to second-class citizenship. The time for action, and passage, of marriage equality legislation is now.”

Similar endorsements came from representatives of the Public Employees Federation, the Bricklayers and Allied Craftsworkers, the Labor Council for Latin American Advancement and the SEIU Local 200United.

“On behalf of the over 12,000 families represented by SEIU Local 200United, my fellow officers and I fully support the issue of marriage equality,” said secretary-treasurer Mike Lonigro. “We will not accept anything less than total equality. As we speak, we are in contract negotiations where we are demanding, among other things, the right for employees to make their same-sex partners in life eligible pension beneficiaries. Marriage equality in New York state would make this a non-issue and would free us up to negotiate for other important matters. I urge the New York State Legislature to pass this legislation before the end of session.”

As of WiG press time, the marriage equality bill had been introduced in the GOP-controlled Senate and was expected to be voted upon as early as June 16 or June 17. The measure was still a vote shy of passage on June 15.

New York gay marriage bill picks up momentum

The New York Legislature appears to be on the verge of legalizing same-sex marriage, according to the Wall Street Journal, New York Daily News and other media.

Four New York state senators who had opposed gay marriage in the past now say they will vote in favor of it. That gives a proposed marriage equality bill 32 of the 34 Senate votes needed for approval. The bill has already passed the state’s Assembly.

“I believe the votes will be there for marriage equality,” New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said.

If the bill passes, New York would become the sixth and most populous state to permit same-sex couples to marry. A vote could come as early as this week.

“It’s too close to fail,” said one Republican senator, who predicted that four or five Republicans would vote for the bill.

Cuomo has made the marriage equality bill a top priority. A campaign to pressure lawmakers to back the bill has included Mayor Michael Bloomberg, Democratic and business leaders and a number of celebrities.

A recent polled found that 56 percent of New Yorkers support allowing gays and lesbians equal marriage rights. That’s up from 51 percent in 2009.

Same-sex marriage effort stalling in New York

Just a couple of weeks ago, the momentum to legalize gay marriage in New York appeared to be an irresistible force, teed up to reinvigorate the flagging national effort. Gov. Andrew Cuomo (pictured) said he would devote his popular clout and considerable power to guide the first unified effort by LGBT advocates in the state to legalize same-sex marriage, and raise $1 million to support lawmakers who cast the dicey vote.

Since then, right-wing religious opposition has struck back in a big, unexpected way.

Now the opposition has a $1.5-million fund of its own from a national group. There was even some shakiness in the ranks of gay marriage advocates, while Republican senators on the other side, rather than wilting, appear emboldened. A new “defense of marriage” bill has been introduced that wouldn’t recognize gay marriages sealed in other states.

Opponents of gay marriage are also bolstered by defeats of similar bills this year in Maryland and Rhode Island. Same-sex marriage is legal in Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont and Washington, D.C., a list unchanged since New York’s Senate rejected the measure in 2009 in a surprising blow to the national movement.

New Yorkers, according to the polls, are watching and may be wavering. And lawmakers – Senate Republicans the key among them – who would cast the potentially historic vote in the final four weeks of session are watching those polls closely.

Thursday’s Siena College poll showed 52 percent of New York voters supported gay marriage, while opposition jumped to 42 percent. The margin of error for the poll was 3.4 percent. A month ago, support in the Siena poll was four points higher and opposition was six points lower. It was a rare setback in polls that for months have repeatedly shown growing support.

Among voters opposed to gay marriage in the poll, 60 percent said they would likely vote against their legislator if he or she votes the other way. Just 49 percent of supporters of gay marriage say they would be less likely to vote for their legislator if he or she opposed it.

“If I was advising a Republican senator right now, I would say to him or her, ‘Vote your conscience,’” said Siena’s Steven Greenberg. “Because if you vote for it or if you vote against it, there are political benefits and political liabilities.”

A week ago, a NY1-YNN-Marist College poll posed the question differently. It gave the New Yorkers it questioned the option of supporting civil unions, a legal status less than marriage but which provides many or all of the financial and legal rights of traditionally married couples.

That poll found 50 percent of New Yorkers supported gay marriage. Its margin of error was 4.5 percent. That apparent erosion of support from earlier Marist and other polls was likely in the 25 percent who supported civil unions, a much easier vote for lawmakers pushed by opponents as a compromise.

The posturing and pressure of the last two weeks, however, also yielded some hope for advocates.

Frank MacKay, the influential chairman of the state Independence Party, told The Associated Press last week that he personally supports gay marriage. He noted the state’s third largest party opposes “discrimination and prejudice in all its myriad forms.” That could counter pressure from state Conservative Party Chairman Michael Long, who said lawmakers voting for gay marriage won’t carry his line.

For Republicans, each line is important to win in a state where Democrats hold a near 2-to-1 enrollment advantage.

And although two Republican senators signaled they are still mulling their position, that’s still short of the 32 votes needed in the Republican-led Senate. In 2009, back when Democrats held the majority – in part thanks to gay marriage campaign funding – the issue was defeated 38-24.

Even Democratic Sen. Thomas Duane of Manhattan, the bill’s sponsor, is frustrated.

Duane said even New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the billionaire major contributor to the Senate GOP, hasn’t moved any Republicans. In lobbying Tuesday in Albany for gay marriage, Bloomberg called the issue “one of the defining issues of our lifetime.”

Shortly after, Senate Democratic leader John Sampson of Brooklyn predicted Republicans won’t even let the bill go to the floor for a vote.

“It doesn’t matter what the heartfelt support is,” said Duane, the Legislature’s first open gay lawmaker. “It cannot pass without Republican votes … yet none of them support my right to get married.”

Three Republicans inside the tight Senate Republican conference said they see no changed votes, speaking to the AP on condition of anonymity because the conference hasn’t debated gay marriage.

“I think what’s happened is the advocates who are against gay marriage – or for marriage – have awoken,” said Senate Deputy Majority Leader Thomas Libous, a Southern Tier Republican who supports civil unions for gay couples.

Libous is a co-sponsor with veteran Republican Sen. Martin Golden of Brooklyn of the bill that would stop New York from recognizing gay marriages from other states. The bill is also supported by Democratic Sen. Ruben Diaz Sr., a Bronx minister.

It was the latest example of stepped-up opposition:

– On Tuesday, a day after the National Organization for Marriage pledged $1.5 million to fight gay marriage, Cuomo said he wouldn’t bring the issue to a vote unless he felt it would pass. Even some advocates saw that as weakness.

– Two days later, New York Archbishop Timothy Dolan issued an almost secular argument opposing gay marriage, in an understanding tone rare for the issue defined by polarized views.

– On Tuesday, one of the many smaller gay rights groups, Queer Rising, said Cuomo’s effort appeared more like a “political stunt.”

andrew_cuomo


New York is closer to approving gay marriage

New York’s most influential advocates for gay rights say the chances are better than ever to legalize same-sex marriage, even in a Republican-controlled Senate.

The Empire State Pride Agenda said its count after the November elections showed a net gain of at least two votes for same-sex marriage. The group also said Senate Republican leader Dean Skelos has promised to bring the issue to the floor again.

A year ago, the measure passed in the Assembly, but failed in the Senate by eight votes. In November, two senators who opposed gay marriage – Democrat William Stachowski of Erie County and Frank Padavan of Queens – lost re-election bids in part because of Empire Pride’s efforts.

The organization insists, too, that several new legislators in the biggest freshman class in decades will likely vote for the measure, while those who opposed it in 2009 will see a wiser political course in 2011.

Democratic Gov.-elect Andrew Cuomo also made gay marriage a significant element in his campaign.

“We are sitting here today in a stronger position after the election than we were before,” said Ross Levi, executive director of Empire Pride.

Part of the group’s strategy includes arguing that gay marriages held in New York would add nearly $200 million to the economy and framing the question as a civil right. It also argues that legal marriage provides more than 1,000 rights to married couples, from who can visit a dying patient in a hospital to transferring property in wills.

“I believe there is a clear and credible path to victory on marriage equality,” Levi said. “It’s hard work. It’s going to be a difficult session for anybody … but we know how to do it.”

He noted that some of the biggest wins for the gay and transgender community in the area of hate crimes and civil rights were won when Republicans controlled the Senate. Republicans are poised to take the majority in January after two years of Democratic rule, pending a final appeal in one race.

“Senator Skelos said that, subject to a discussion with his conference, he would put the bill out for a vote,” said Skelos spokesman Mark Hansen. He noted, however, that the “top, immediate priorities” are the balancing the budget, cutting spending and creating jobs.

A Siena College poll this month found 56 percent of New York voters would support a same-sex marriage bill, with 43 percent opposed. In 2009, most polls showed slightly over 50 percent of voters supported gay marriage.

“I think in view of new members that have joined our conference and theirs, there is a likelihood that it has a better shot at passing,” said Democratic Sen. Malave Dilan of Brooklyn, who voted for the measure in 2009. “Whatever the case is, it is should come to an up-or-down vote.”

Empire Pride also said Republican gubernatorial candidate Carl Paladino’s opposition to gay marriage has generated more political support for its cause.

Levi said Paladino’s crash as a candidate was hastened by that opposition and his criticism of the behavior of gays at parades. Loud public opposition to Paladino’s views created a warning for other politicians.

“It just doesn’t work in New York,” Levi said.