There’s nothing like a presidential campaign to shine a bright light into the nooks, crannies and back alleys of a candidate’s life.
And there’s no one like Donald Trump in the annals of U.S. politics.
Some of what’s been revealed about Trump’s predatory personal interactions, business dealings, legal tactics and management style would come as no surprise to those who’ve made a career out of following the billionaire’s rise to prominence.
But ordinary Americans who began the 2016 campaign with a passing impression of Trump as the outspoken mogul of
Apprentice fame now have far more information to draw upon as Election Day nears.
Despite his curated image as the businessman with the golden touch, Trump’s track record in business isn’t magical, as he would have people think.
Yes, he is rich.
Yes, he has had his share of success.
But he’s also kept company with any number of questionable business associates, had quite a number of projects go
bust, left a string of contractors in the lurch, exaggerated his wealth, and bragged of using his star power to impose himself sexually on women.
What’s more, he hasn’t released his tax returns, records of charitable giving, detailed medical records, immigration files
for his wife and more.
That penchant for secrecy is coupled with an aggressive strategy to muzzle business and campaign employees by requiring them to sign nondisclosure agreements.
So what is known about Donald J. Trump?
Here’s a look at some of what’s been learned about him during the campaign:
Trump is the first presidential nominee in four decades to refuse to release his tax returns. That decision has spawned
speculation that Trump doesn’t pay federal income taxes, isn’t as wealthy as he claims or is hiding something else about his business entanglements.
The intrigue deepened when The New York Times reported that Trump lost so much in one year that he could have avoided federal income taxes for as many as 18 years.
Trump subsequently admitted that he had paid no federal income taxes for many years.
From the outside, NBC’s The Apprentice was an instant hit that helped turn Trump into a household name, even if its ratings did slip over time.
Insiders told the AP that Trump repeatedly demeaned female crew and contestants over the years, rating women by the size of their breasts and talking about which ones he’d like to have sex with.
None of that made it into the show, of course.
But the revelations added to persistent questions about Trump’s behavior toward women.
Days after The Apprentice revelations, The Washington Post came out with a 2005 video in which Trump is captured bragging about kissing women at will, groping their genitals and trying to have sex with them.
Trump dismissed the explosive video as nothing more than locker-room banter and later said he’d never done the things he talked about in the video. But it caused a number of top GOP officials to call for Trump to step down from the ticket and prompted a number of women, outraged by his denials, to step forward to say they had been targets of his lechery.
Trump claims he’s given millions to charity. But there’s a big question mark about that.
An AP investigation found that the overwhelming majority of recent gifts distributed by the Trump Foundation had been made with other people’s money, not contributions from the candidate.
And it turns out Trump has used his foundation’s money to pay legal settlements for his for-profit businesses, The Washington Post reported. The New York attorney general’s office this month ordered Trump’s foundation to stop fundraising immediately in the state, saying it isn’t registered to do so.
For all Trump’s talk about seeking out the best people, his business associates over the years have included a significant number of questionable characters.
He partnered with the son of an Azerbaijani government minister suspected by U.S. diplomats of laundering money for Iran’s military.
He named a Mafia-linked government informant as a senior adviser and supported a convicted cocaine dealer in a letter
to a federal judge.
On two development deals, he partnered with convicted criminals, one convicted in a Mafia-linked stock fraud scheme.
More recently, Paul Manafort — the second of Trump’s three campaign managers — resigned after AP reported that he had helped a pro-Russian Ukrainian political party secretly route at least $2.2 million to two prominent Washington lobbying firms in 2012, doing so in a way that effectively obscured the party’s efforts to influence U.S. policy.
Trump’s six corporate bankruptcies after his big gamble on three Atlantic City casinos were no secret when he began his campaign, but the circumstances have come into sharper focus over the past year.
Trump continues to blame his casinos’ troubles on an economic downturn that walloped the whole industry.
But in fact, two of his casinos’ bankruptcies occurred in years when overall Atlantic City gambling revenue was rising.
Multiple reports over the past year have documented Trump’s refusal to pay various contractors who worked for him. USA Today found at least 60 lawsuits, as well as hundreds of liens, judgments and other government filings that document people who accused Trump and his businesses of failing to pay them.
The Wall Street Journal, likewise, documented hardball tactics that shortchanged Trump’s suppliers.
During the bankruptcy of the Taj Mahal Casino in the early 1990s, some contractors who’d helped Trump build the property went under because Trump’s company didn’t pay what it owed them — millions of dollars in some cases. Trump refused to pay in full 253 contractors who had helped build the Taj. Trump’s bankers gave him a $450,000 monthly allowance while his debts were renegotiated.
Trump perpetuates a self-made-man persona, stressing that he started out with a “small” $1 million loan from his father that he later repaid.
He doesn’t mention that he also received loan guarantees, bailouts and a drawdown from his future inheritance.
Reporter Tim O’Brien noted in a 2005 book that Trump drew $10 million from his future inheritance during hard times, and inherited a share of his father’s real estate holdings, which were worth hundreds of millions when they were eventually sold off.
In recent years, Trump has been known more for licensing use of his name than for building things.
Not all those branding deals have been meant what they seemed.
Florida condo buyers at failed Trump named properties in Fort Lauderdale and Tampa and also buyers in Baja, Mexico,
have claimed in lawsuits that the billionaire misled them into believing he was more involved in the projects than just lending his name.
Trump won the Fort Lauderdale case and settled those in Baja and Tampa.
Trump faces class-action lawsuits in California and New York alleging that his Trump University, which offered real estate seminars and classes around the country, pressed students to pay up to $35,000 for mentorships and failed at its promise to teach success in the business.
While marketing materials said that Trump had “hand-picked” employees for the operation, in court testimony he
acknowledged that he couldn’t recall names of his employees.
New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman sued Trump University in 2013 alleging it had committed fraud and fleeced 5,000 people out of millions of dollars.
Trump caused a firestorm when he complained in February that Gonzalo Curiel, the Indiana-born judge handling the California Trump University class-action lawsuit, couldn’t be fair, citing the judge’s Mexican heritage.
Trump also tried to get a judge pulled off a New York case in 2011, and he called the judge on a 2009 case biased.
Cracking down on illegal immigration has been a huge part of Trump’s campaign pitch, but his own modeling agency has
come under scrutiny for its use of foreign models who came to the U.S. on tourist visas that did not allow them to work in the country.
Mother Jones reported that Trump Model Management profited from work by models who didn’t have work visas.
Trump also makes extensive use of temporary legal immigrants in his Florida hospitality holdings.
Trump’s substantial real estate holdings also involve a substantial pile of debt.
The New York Times reported that while Trump promotes himself as beholden to no one, his companies have at least $650 million in debt. It also reported that much of his wealth is tied up in passive partnerships that owe an additional $2 billion to various lenders.
BuzzFeed listened to dozens of Trump appearances on The Howard Stern Show from the late 1990s through the 2000s. Its headline pretty well summed up the results: “Donald Trump said a lot of gross things about women on Howard Stern.”
For all of Trump’s emphasis on keeping jobs in the United States, it turns out Trump’s private companies and the clothing line run by his daughter Ivanka routinely sell clothes and other products made in China and other Asian countries.
The say-anything candidate has a thing against loose lips.
In both his businesses and his presidential campaign, Trump requires nearly everyone to sign legally binding nondisclosure agreements that keep them from releasing any confidential or disparaging information about Trump, his family or his companies.
He’s not afraid to sue those he thinks violate the confidentiality agreements.
When Trump isn’t happy with his business partners or patrons, he’s not afraid to sue.
On the flip side, his businesses have attracted an outsized share of lawsuits over the years.
A USA Today investigation found that Trump and his businesses have been involved in thousands of suits over the past
30 years. Nearly half were related to his casinos, and most of those involved suits against gamblers who failed to pay their debts.
In the first presidential debate, Hillary Clinton highlighted a discrimination case from 1973, when the Justice Department sued Trump and his father for refusing to rent apartments at one of their developments to blacks.
Trump said the suit was settled without an admission of guilt. The government said in the settlement that Trump and his father had “failed and neglected” to comply with the Fair Housing Act.
A year and a half ago, Donald Trump, the reality television star and billionaire real estate developer, was largely dismissed as an attention- seeking showman who had little intention of actually entering the race. But since announcing his candidacy, Trump has upended the presidential contest, seizing his party’s nomination despite breaking every rule. His campaign can be charted in inflammatory statements, each seemingly more outrageous than the last. After kicking off his campaign by saying the Mexican government sends criminals across the U.S. border illegally, he’s questioned
Arizona Sen. John McCain’s status as a war hero. He’s called for temporarily banning foreign Muslims from entering
the country (then backed away from the plan), gone after the family of a slain soldier that criticized him, got into an extended verbal tiff with a former Latina beauty queen and belittled the appearances of some of the women who have accused him of sexual assault in the campaign’s final weeks.
That time Donald Trump joked about dating his daughter, if only the two weren’t related. A series of derogatory comments aimed at women. Dozens of offensive tweets, including several re-tweets of accounts linked to white supremacists. His caugh-ton- camera boasts from 2005 about being able to grope any woman he wanted without permission because he’s famous and his subsequent attempts to discredit a number of women who have accused
him of sexual assault. Trump’s refusal to play by the rules has earned him legions of loyal supporters. But his comments have also fed fuel to critics who say he does not have the temperament or judgment to be president.