A Pew Research survey shows that Americans tend to feel warmly toward Jews, Catholics and evangelicals but chilly toward Muslims and atheists.
Pew created a thermometer — measuring degrees from zero to 100 — to take Americans’ temperature toward religious groups in a survey conducted mostly in June.
Pew told people a rating of 100 meant they felt as warm as possible toward a group; 50 degrees meant not particularly negative or positive and zero meant as cold and negative as possible.
• Jews, 63 degrees.
• Catholics, 62 degrees.
• Evangelical Christians, 61 degrees.
• Buddhists, 53 degrees.
• Hindus, 50 degrees.
• Mormons, 48 degrees.
• Atheists, 41 degrees.
• Muslims, 40 degrees.
Some other findings:
• Republicans and those with Republican leanings rate evangelicals highest at 71 degrees, Jews at 67, Catholics at 66, Mormons at 52, Buddhists at 49, Hindus at 47, atheists at 34 and Muslims at 33.
• Democrats and those with Democratic leanings rate Jews highest at 62 degrees, Catholics at 61, Buddhists at 57, Hindus at 54, evangelical Christians at 53, Muslims at 47, atheists at 46 and Mormons at 44.
Familiarity with a religion or someone of a certain faith tends to be a factor. About 87 percent say they know someone who is Catholic and 70 percent say they know someone who is an evangelical Christian. About 61 percent say they know someone who is Jewish and 59 percent say they know someone who is an atheist.
Just 44 percent of Americans say they know someone who is a Mormon and 38 percent say they know someone who is a Muslim. About 23 percent know someone who is a Buddhist and 22 percent know someone who is a Hindu.