Both were mold-breaking former heads of state who reshaped their own countries and the world. Nelson Mandela, revered for his efforts to end apartheid in South Africa, and Margaret Thatcher, the “Iron Lady” who imposed her will on Britain’s politics and economy, were among notables who died in 2013.
Mandela, who died Dec. 5 at age 95, was considered a master of forgiveness. He became South Africa’s first black president after spending 27 years in prison for championing equality against the white-minority government, and he inspired the world by seeking a relatively peaceful transition of power.
As Britain’s only female prime minister, Thatcher ruled for 11 years and showed an unshakable faith in the free market, leaving behind a leaner government and more prosperous nation. While she had fierce critics, praise for her leadership came in from around the world when she died in April at 87.
Other political figures who died this year included Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez, former Italian premier Giulio Andreotti, Poland’s ex-prime minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki, France’s Pierre Mauroy, and Hungary’s Gyula Horn, prominent past mayors of New York and Beijing, Ed Koch and Chen Xitong, and former U.S. Sens. Frank Lautenberg and Harry F. Byrd.
Also dying in 2013 was a man whose invention you may hold as you read this. Doug Engelbart, who died in July, invented the computer mouse, among other things.
Others from the world of science and technology who died this year included the Manhattan Project’s Donald F. Hornig, Nobel Prize winners Frederick Sanger, Robert Edwards and Kenneth Wilson, audio pioneers Ray Dolby and Amar Bose and astronauts C. Gordon Fullerton and Scott Carpenter.
In the arena of arts and entertainment, this year saw the death of one who was hugely influential though not technically an entertainer at all. Roger Ebert, who died in April, was America’s most popular film critic, telling audiences which movies to see or avoid with his famous thumbs-up or thumbs-down reviews.
Others from the entertainment world who died this year included actors James Gandolfini, Peter O’Toole, Jane Kean, Annette Funicello, Jean Stapleton, Bonnie Franklin, Cory Monteith, Frank Thornton and Conrad Bain, as well as swimming star Esther Williams and Bollywood villain Pran.
Musicians included George Jones, Van Cliburn, Lou Reed, Donald Byrd, Ray Manzarek, Bebo Valdes, Mindy McCready, Chrissy Amphle and Chris Kelly. Among others: writer Tom Clancy, director Nagisa Oshima and ballerina Maria Tallchief.
Here is a roll call of some of the people who died in 2013.
Patti Page, 85. Singer who stumbled across “Tennessee Waltz” and made it one of the best-selling recordings ever. Jan. 1.
Gerda Lerner, 92. Pioneer in the field of women’s history and a founding member of the National Organization for Women. Jan. 2.
Ned Wertimer, 89. He played Ralph the Doorman on all 11 seasons of the CBS sitcom “The Jeffersons.” Jan. 2.
Huell Howser, 67. Homespun host of public television’s popular “California’s Gold” travelogues. Jan. 6.
Evan S. Connell, 88. Author, whose literary explorations ranged from Depression-era Kansas City in the twin novels “Mrs. Bridge” and “Mr. Bridge” to Custer’s last stand in “Son of the Morning Star: Custer and the Little Bighorn.” Jan. 10.
Aaron Swartz, 26. Co-founder of Reddit and activist who fought to make online content free to the public. Jan. 11. Suicide.
Khanh Nguyen, 86. South Vietnamese general who briefly gained control of the government in a coup and went on to lead a “government in exile” in California. Jan. 11.
Eugene Patterson, 89. Pulitzer Prize-winning editor who helped fellow Southern whites understand the civil rights movement, eloquently reminding the silent majority of its complicity in racist violence. Jan. 12.
Conrad Bain, 89. Veteran stage and film actor who became a star in middle age as the kindly white adoptive father of two young African-American brothers in the TV sitcom “Diff’rent Strokes.” Jan. 14.
Nagisa Oshima, 80. Japanese film director acclaimed for “Empire of Passion” and “In the Realm of the Senses.” Jan. 15.
Andre Cassagnes, 86. Inventor of Etch A Sketch, toy that generations of children drew on, shook up and started over. Jan. 16.
Pauline Friedman Phillips, 94. Under the name of Abigail Van Buren, she wrote the long-running “Dear Abby” newspaper advice column read by millions. Jan. 16.
James Hood, 70. One of the first black students who enrolled at the University of Alabama a half century ago in defiance of racial segregation. Jan. 17.
Earl Weaver, 82. Fiery Hall of Fame manager who won 1,480 games with baseball’s Baltimore Orioles. Jan. 19.
Stan Musial, 92. St. Louis Cardinals star with the corkscrew stance and too many batting records to fit on his Hall of Fame plaque. Jan. 19.
Hans Massaquoi, 87. Former managing editor of Ebony magazine whose distinctive memoir described his unusual childhood growing up black in Nazi Germany. Jan. 19.
Donald F. Hornig, 92. Scientist who served as a key figure on the Manhattan Project, an adviser to three U.S. presidents and president of Brown University. Jan. 21.
Linda Pugach, 75. Blinded in 1959 when her lover hired hit men to throw lye in her face, she became a media sensation after later marrying him. Jan. 22.
Cardinal Jozef Glemp, 83. Longtime head of Poland’s influential Roman Catholic church who helped lead the nation peacefully through martial law and the fight against communism. Jan. 23.
Leroy “Sugarfoot” Bonner, 69. Frontman for the hit-making funk music band the Ohio Players. Jan. 26.
Ceija Stojka, 79. She survived three Nazi death camps and went on to raise the awareness of the Nazi persecution of the Roma — or Gypsies — in her art and writings. Jan. 28.
Said Musa Maragha, 86. Hard-line Palestinian military commander better known by his nom de guerre, “Abu Musa,” who rebelled against leader Yasser Arafat to form his own rival party. Jan. 29.
Patty Andrews, 94. Last of the singing Andrews Sisters trio whose hits such as the rollicking “Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy of Company B” and the poignant “I Can Dream, Can’t I?” captured the home-front spirit of World War II. Jan. 30.
Ed Koch, 88. Former New York mayor and combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms. Feb. 1.
Lavonne “Pepper” Paire-Davis, 88. A star of the All American Girls Professional Baseball League in the 1940s and an inspiration for the central character in the movie “A League of Their Own.” Feb. 2.
Chris Kyle, 38. Former Navy SEAL and author of the best-selling book “American Sniper.” Feb. 2. Fatally shot at a Texas gun range.
Essie Mae Washington-Williams, 87. Mixed-race daughter of one-time segregationist Sen. Strom Thurmond who kept her parentage secret for more than 70 years. Feb. 3.
James Muri, 93. World War II pilot who saved his crippled B-26 bomber and crew by buzzing the flight deck of a Japanese aircraft carrier during the Battle of Midway. Feb. 3.
Donald Byrd, 80. Hard-bop trumpeter of the 1950s who collaborated on dozens of albums with top artists of his time and later enjoyed commercial success with hit jazz-funk fusion records such as “Black Byrd.” Feb. 4.
Petro Vlahos, 96. Two-time Academy Award winner whose blue- and green-screen technique on movies like “Mary Poppins” and “Ben Hur” made the modern blockbuster possible. Feb. 10.
Mindy McCready, 37. She hit the top of the country music charts before personal problems sidetracked her career. Feb. 17. Apparent suicide.
Richard Briers, 79. British actor who was an avuncular comic presence on TV and movie screens for decades. Feb. 17.
Jerry Buss, 80. Los Angeles Lakers’ playboy owner who shepherded the NBA franchise to 10 championships from the ‘80s Showtime dynasty to the Kobe Bryant era. Feb. 18.
Alexei German, 74. Russian film director best known for works offering a bitter view of life in the Soviet Union under dictator Josef Stalin. Feb. 21.
Magic Slim, 75. Younger contemporary of blues greats Muddy Waters and Howlin’ Wolf who helped shape the sound of Chicago’s electric blues. Feb. 21.
Cleotha Staples, 78. Eldest sibling in the influential gospel group The Staple Singers. Feb. 21.
Debi Austin, 62. She smoked a cigarette through a hole in her throat to illustrate her struggle with nicotine addiction in a public service advertisement. Feb. 22. Cancer.
Wojciech Inglot, 57. Polish chemist and businessman who founded and ran a cosmetics company, Inglot, that grew to nearly 400 stores in 50 countries. Feb. 23. Internal hemorrhaging.
C. Everett Koop, 96. He raised the profile of the surgeon general by riveting America’s attention on the then-emerging disease known as AIDS and by railing against smoking. Feb. 25.
Stephane Hessel, 95. Concentration camp survivor and member of the French resistance whose 32-page book “Time for Outrage” became a best-seller and an inspiration for the left. Feb. 26.
Thomas “Tom” Griffin, 96. B-25 bomber navigator in the audacious Doolittle’s Raid attack on mainland Japan during World War II. Feb. 26.
Dale Robertson, 89. Oklahoma native who became a star of television and movie Westerns during the genre’s heyday. Feb. 26.
Van Cliburn, 78. Pianist whose triumph at a 1958 Moscow competition helped thaw the Cold War and launched a spectacular career that made him the rare classical musician to enjoy rock-star status. Feb. 27.
Bruce Reynolds, 81. Mastermind of a British heist known as the “Great Train Robbery.” Feb. 28.
John J. Wilpers Jr., 93. Last surviving member of the U.S. Army intelligence unit that captured former Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo after World War II. Feb. 28.
Bonnie Franklin, 69. Pert, redheaded actress whom millions came to identify with for her role as divorced mom Ann Romano on the sitcom “One Day at a Time.” March 1.
Jewel Akens, 79. Pop singer who had a 1960s hit with “The Birds and the Bees.” March 1. Complications from back surgery.
Fran Warren, 87. Singer-actress whose 1947 recording of “A Sunday Kind of Love” was a hit of the big band era. March 4.
Hugo Chavez, 58. Fiery populist president of Venezuela who declared a socialist revolution, crusaded against U.S. influence and championed a leftist revival across Latin America. March 5. Cancer.
Stompin’ Tom Connors, 77. Country-folk singer whose toe-tapping musical spirit and fierce patriotism established him as one of Canada’s biggest cultural icons. March 6.
Dirk Coetzee, 57. Former commander of an apartheid-era police unit in South Africa that killed black activists. March 6.
Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist, 90. Last surviving member of the main plot to kill Adolf Hitler, who once volunteered to wear a suicide vest to assassinate the Nazi dictator. March 8.
Princess Lilian, 97. Her decades-long love story with the king’s uncle was one of the better kept secrets of the Swedish royal household. March 10.
Ieng Sary, 87. Co-founder of the brutal Khmer Rouge movement in 1970s who became one of its few leaders to be put on trial for the deaths of an estimated 1.7 million Cambodians. March 14.
James Barrett, 86. Vintner whose chardonnay beat the French in a 1976 tasting that propelled California wines to international prominence. March 14.
Olen Burrage, 82. He was acquitted in the case of three civil rights workers killed by Ku Klux Klansmen in Mississippi in the 1960s. March 15.
Frank Thornton, 92. British actor best known as Captain Peacock in the long-running television comedy “Are You Being Served?” March 16.
Mariam Farhat, 64. Palestinian lawmaker known as the “mother of martyrs” who praised and supported three of her sons who were killed while carrying out deadly attacks against Israelis. March 17.
A.B.C. “Cal” Whipple, 94. Connecticut man who helped get a groundbreaking photograph of dead American soldiers published during World War II. March 17.
Harry Reems, 65. Male star of the 1972’s “Deep Throat,” which brought pornographic film to mainstream audiences. March 19.
Zillur Rahman, 84. Bangladesh’s figurehead president, he was a top leader of the ruling Awami League party before Parliament elected him president in 2009. March 20.
James Herbert, 69. British horror writer whose best-sellers included “The Rats” and “The Fog.” March 20.
George Lowe, 89. Last surviving climber from the team that made the first successful ascent of Mount Everest. March 20.
Chinua Achebe, 82. Nigerian author, statesman and dissident who gave literary birth to modern Africa with “Things Fall Apart” and continued for decades to rewrite and reclaim the history of his native country. March 21.
Bebo Valdes, 94. Renowned pianist, composer and bandleader who recorded with Nat “King” Cole, was musical director at Havana’s legendary Tropicana Club and a key participant in the golden age of Cuban music. March 22.
Joe Weider, 93. Legendary figure in bodybuilding who helped popularize the sport and played a key role in introducing young weightlifter Arnold Schwarzenegger to the world. March 23.
Deke Richards, 68. As leader of the Motown creative team known as The Corporation, he was involved in writing and producing many Jackson 5 hits. March 24.
John Williamson, 80. Pioneer of the 1960s sexual revolution as co-founder of Topanga Canyon’s Sandstone Retreat, where nudity and free love once took place with abandon. March 24. Cancer.
Elwin Wilson, 76. Former Ku Klux Klan supporter who apologized for years of violent racism, including the beating of Freedom Rider John Lewis who went on to become a Georgia congressman. March 28.
Richard Griffiths, 65. Versatile British actor who won a Tony Award for “The History Boys” and played unsympathetic Uncle Vernon Dursley in the “Harry Potter” movies. March 28.
Phil Ramone, 79. Grammy-winning engineer, arranger and producer whose platinum touch included recordings with Ray Charles, Billy Joel and Paul Simon. March 30. Complications from heart surgery.
Barbara Piasecka Johnson, 76. A Polish farmer’s daughter who worked as a maid for an American heir to the Johnson & Johnson fortune before marrying him and eventually inheriting much of his wealth. April 1.
Jane Henson, 78. She was married to Jim Henson and the two were creative and business partners in the development of the Muppets. April 2.
Roger Ebert, 70. First journalist to win a Pulitzer Prize for movie criticism, who, on his long-running TV review program, wielded the nation’s most influential thumb. April 4.
Victor Carranza, 77. Colombia’s “emerald czar,” he survived at least two assassination attempts and avoided criminal conviction despite being prosecuted for allegedly forming far-right militias. April 4.
Anna Merz, 83. Conservationist who sought to protect the rhinoceros from poaching that has severely depleted its numbers in Africa. April 4.
Lilly Pulitzer, 81. Palm Beach socialite-turned-designer whose tropical print dresses in the 1960s later became a fashion classic. April 7.
Margaret Thatcher, 87. Conservative British prime minister who infuriated European allies, found a fellow believer in Ronald Reagan and transformed her country by a ruthless dedication to free markets. April 8. Stroke.
Annette Funicello, 70. Child star as a perky Mouseketeer on “The Mickey Mouse Club” in the 1950s, who then teamed with Frankie Avalon on a string of ‘60s fun-in-the-sun movies with names like “Beach Party Bingo.” April 8. Complications from multiple sclerosis.
Robert Edwards, 87. Nobel prizewinner from Britain whose pioneering in vitro fertilization research led to the first test tube baby. April 10.
Maria Tallchief, 88. One of America’s first great prima ballerinas who gave life to “The Nutcracker,” ‘’Firebird,” and other masterpieces from choreographer George Balanchine. April 11.
Jonathan Winters, 87. Cherub-faced comedian whose breakneck improvisations and misfit characters inspired the likes of Robin Williams and Jim Carrey. April 11.
Hilary Koprowski, 96. Pioneering virologist who developed the first successful oral vaccination for polio. April 11.
Bob Perry, 80. Houston real estate magnate and political mega-donor who shunned the limelight while generously bankrolling GOP candidates. April 13.
Pat Summerall, 82. Deep-voiced NFL player-turned-broadcaster who spent half of his four decades calling sports famously paired with John Madden. April 16.
Alan Wood, 90. World War II veteran credited with providing the flag in the famous flag-raising on Iwo Jima. April 18.
Al Neuharth, 89. Founder of USA Today, the nation’s most widely read newspaper. April 19.
Robert Earl Holding, 86. Billionaire whose business empire included ownership of Sinclair Oil and two world-class ski resorts. April 19.
Allan Arbus, 95. He played the wise _ and wisecracking _ psychiatrist Dr. Sidney Freedman on TV’s “M.A.S.H.” April 19.
Deanna Durbin, 91. Teen sensation whose sparkling soprano voice and girl-next-door looks made her a star during Hollywood’s Golden Age. Around April 20.
Chrissy Amphlett, 53. Raunchy lead singer of the Australian band Divinyls whose hit “I Touch Myself” brought her fame in the early 1990s. April 21. Breast cancer and multiple sclerosis.
Leopold Engleitner, 107. Oldest known survivor of Nazi concentration camps. April 21.
George Jones, 81. Peerless, hard-living country singer who recorded dozens of hits about good times and regrets and peaked with the heartbreaker “He Stopped Loving Her Today.” April 26.
Bishop Aloysius Jin Luxian, 96. Shanghai bishop who revived the Catholic church in China’s financial hub after years of Maoist persecution. April 27.
Chris Kelly, 34. Half of the 1990s kid rap duo Kris Kross who made one of the decade’s most memorable songs with “Jump.” May 1. Drug overdose.
Jeff Hanneman, 49. Founding member of the pioneering metal band Slayer whose career was irrevocably changed after a spider bite. May 2. Liver failure.
David Morris Kern, 103. Creator of Orajel, a medicine aimed at toothaches that was later also used for mouth sores. May 3.
Otis R. Bowen, 95. Small-town doctor who overhauled Indiana’s tax system as governor before helping promote safe sex practices in the early years of AIDS as the top health official under President Ronald Reagan. May 4.
Giulio Andreotti, 94. Seven-time premier and a symbol of postwar Italy. May 6.
Ray Harryhausen, 92. Special-effects master whose sword-fighting skeletons, six-tentacled octopus and other fantastical creations won raves from film lovers and industry heavyweights. May 7.
Jeanne Cooper, 84. Soap opera star who played grande dame Katherine Chancellor for nearly four decades on “The Young and the Restless.” May 8.
Ottavio Missoni, 92. Patriarch of an iconic fashion brand of zigzag-patterned knitwear. May 9.
Malcolm Shabazz, 28. Grandson of Malcolm X who at age 12, set a fire that killed the political activist’s widow. May 9. Injuries from being beaten.
Boruch Spiegel, 93. One of the last survivors of the 1943 Warsaw ghetto uprising by poorly armed Jewish insurgents against the powerful Nazi German force that occupied Poland. May 9.
Joyce Brothers, 85. Pop psychologist who pioneered the television advice show in the 1950s and enjoyed a long career as a syndicated columnist, author, and TV and film personality. May 13.
Billie Sol Estes, 88. Flamboyant Texas huckster who became notorious in 1962 when accused of looting a federal crop subsidy program. May 14.
Valtr Komarek, 82. Left-wing Czech politician who helped overthrow the country’s communist regime and was one of the most visible faces of the so-called “Velvet Revolution.” May 16.
Jorge Rafael Videla, 87. Former Argentine dictator who took power in a 1976 coup and led a military junta that killed thousands in a dirty war to eliminate so-called “subversives,” May 17.
Ken Venturi, 82. Golf star who overcame dehydration to win the 1964 U.S. Open and spent 35 years in the booth for CBS Sports. May 17.
Ray Manzarek, 74. Founding member of the 1960s rock group The Doors whose versatile and often haunting keyboards complemented Jim Morrison’s gloomy baritone. May 20. Cancer.
Jack Vance, 96. Award-winning mystery, fantasy and science fiction author who wrote more than 60 books. May 26.
Rev. Andrew Greeley, 85. Outspoken Roman Catholic priest, best-selling author and Chicago newspaper columnist who criticized church hierarchy over the child sex abuse scandal. May 29.
Rituparno Ghosh, 49. Indian film director whose work includes award-winning films in the Bengali language. May 30. Cardiac arrest.
Jean Stapleton, 90. Stage-trained character actress who played Archie Bunker’s far better half, the sweetly naive Edith, in TV’s groundbreaking 1970s comedy “All in the Family.” May 31.
Chen Xitong, 82. As Beijing’s mayor, he backed the military crackdown on the Tiananmen Square democratic movement but later expressed regret for the loss of life. June 2.
Mandawuy Yunupingu, 56. The former lead singer of Australian indigenous band Yothu Yindi and one of the country’s most famous Aborigines. June 2.
Frank Lautenberg, 89. Multimillionaire New Jersey businessman and the last World War II veteran remaining in the U.S. Senate. June 3.
David “Deacon” Jones, 74. Hall of Fame defensive end credited with coining the word sack for how he knocked down quarterbacks. June 3.
Rev. Will Campbell, 88. White minister who drew acclaim for his involvement in the civil rights movement. June 3.
Esther Williams, 91. Swimming champion-turned-actress who starred in glittering, aquatic Technicolor musicals of the 1940s and 1950s. June 6.
Pierre Mauroy, 84. As France’s prime minister in the early 1980s, he implemented radical social reforms that made life easier for French workers. June 7.
Richard Ramirez, 53. Serial killer known as the Night Stalker who left satanic signs at murder scenes during a reign of terror in the 1980s. June 7. Liver failure.
Iain Banks, 59. Scottish writer who alternately wowed and disturbed readers with his dark jokes and narrative tricks. June 9.
Robert W. Fogel, 86. University of Chicago economist whose study of the economics of slavery sparked a furious debate in academia and later helped garner him a Nobel prize. June 11.
Thomas Penfield Jackson, 76. As federal judge in Washington he presided over a historic Microsoft antitrust case and the drug possession trial of former Mayor Marion Barry. June 15.
Kenneth Wilson, 77. He earned a Nobel prize for pioneering work that changed the way physicists think about phase transitions. June 15. Complications of lymphoma.
Michael Hastings, 33. Award-winning journalist and war correspondent whose unflinching reporting ended the career of a top American army general. June 18. Car accident.
James Gandolfini, 51. Actor whose portrayal of a brutal but emotionally delicate crime boss in HBO’s “The Sopranos” turned the mobster stereotype on its head. June 19. Heart attack.
Slim Whitman, 90. Country singer who sold millions of records through TV ads in the 1980s and 1990s and whose song saved the world in the film comedy “Mars Attacks!” June 19.
Gyula Horn, 80. Former Hungarian prime minister who played a key role in opening the Iron Curtain. June 19.
Vince Flynn, 47. Best-selling author who wrote the Mitch Rapp counterterrorism thriller series. June 19. Cancer.
Bobby “Blue” Bland, 83. Singer who blended Southern blues and soul in songs such as “Turn on Your Love Light” and “Further On Up the Road.” June 23.
Richard Matheson, 87. Prolific sci-fi and fantasy writer whose “I Am Legend” and “The Shrinking Man” were transformed into films. June 23.
Marc Rich, 78. Trader known as the “King of Commodities” whose 2001 pardon by President Bill Clinton just hours before he left office prompted fierce criticism. June 26.
Jim Kelly, 67. Actor who played a glib American martial artist in “Enter the Dragon” with Bruce Lee. June 29. Cancer.
William H. Gray III, 71. He rose to influential positions in Congress and was the first black majority whip. July 1.
Charles “Chuck” Foley, 82. His Twister game launched decades of awkward social interactions at parties. July 1.
Princess Fawzia, 92. Member of Egypt’s last royal family and the first wife of Iran’s later-deposed monarch. July 2.
Doug Engelbart, 88. Visionary who invented the computer mouse and developed other technology that has transformed the way people work, play and communicate. July 2.
Lo Hsing Han, 80. So-called “Godfather of Heroin,” he faced financial sanctions for allegedly helping prop up Myanmar’s brutal former military junta through illegal business dealings. July 6.
Pran, 93. India’s legendary actor who played some of Bollywood’s most memorable villains in a career that spanned six decades. July 12. Pneumonia.
Amar Bose, 83. Acoustic pioneer and founder and chairman of an audio technology company known for the rich sound of its tabletop radios and its noise-canceling headphones. July 12.
Cory Monteith, 31. Actor on the television show “Glee” who had struggled for years with substance abuse. July 13. Overdose of heroin and alcohol.
Willie Louis, 76. Witness who went into hiding after testifying at the Emmett Till trial about hearing the lynching victim’s screams. July 18.
Helen Thomas, 92. Irrepressible White House correspondent who used her seat in the front row of history to grill nine presidents. July 20.
Dennis Farina, 69. Onetime Chicago cop who as a popular character actor played a TV cop on “Law & Order” during his wide-ranging career. July 22.
Emile Griffith, 75. Elegant world boxing champion whose career was overshadowed by the fatal beating he gave Bennie Paret in a 1962 title bout that darkened all of boxing. July 23.
Virginia Johnson, 88. Half of the husband-wife research team that transformed the study of sex in the 1960s and wrote two best-selling books on sexuality. July 24.
George P. Mitchell, 94. Billionaire Texas oilman, developer and philanthropist who was considered the father of fracking. July 26.
Lindy Boggs, 97. Former congresswoman and plantation-born Louisianan who fought for civil rights during nearly 18 years in Congress after succeeding her late husband in the House. July 27.
George “Bud” Day, 88. Medal of Honor recipient who spent 51/2 years as a POW in Vietnam and was Arizona Sen. John McCain’s cellmate. July 27.
David “Kidd” Kraddick, 53. High-octane radio and TV host of the “Kidd Kraddick in the Morning” show. July 27.
William Warren Scranton, 96. Former Pennsylvania governor, presidential candidate and ambassador to the United Nations. July 28.
Harry F. Byrd, 98. Champion of racial segregation and fiscal restraint who followed his father into the U.S. Senate. July 30.
Berthold Beitz, 99. Honored for saving hundreds of Jews in occupied Poland during World War II, he became one of postwar West Germany’s leading industrialists. July 30.
George Duke, 67. Grammy-winning keyboardist and producer whose sound infused acoustic jazz, electronic jazz, funk, R&B and soul in a 40-year-plus career. Aug. 5.
Stan Lynde, 81. Western cartoonist and author who created the nationally syndicated “Rick O’Shay” comic strip. Aug. 6.
“Cowboy” Jack Clement, 82. Producer, engineer and songwriter who helped birth rock ‘n’ roll and push country music into modern times. Aug. 8.
Laszlo Csatary, 98. Ex-police officer indicted in June by Hungarian authorities for allegedly abusing Jews and contributing to their deportation to Nazi death camps during World War II. Aug. 10.
Johan Friso, 44. Dutch prince who gave up his position in line to the throne after getting entangled in a scandal with his bride-to-be. Aug. 12. Complications from a skiing accident.
Jack W. Germond, 85. Portly, cantankerous columnist and pundit who covered 10 presidential elections and sparred with colleagues on TV’s “The McLaughlin Group.” Aug. 14.
Marich Man Singh Shrestha, 71. Last Nepalese prime minister to serve before protests ushered in the country’s first democratic elections in the early 1990s. Aug. 15. Lung cancer.
Bert Lance, 82. Georgia banker who served as President Jimmy Carter’s first budget director before departing amid an investigation of his banking activities. Aug. 15.
Jacques Verges, 88. Flamboyant lawyer nicknamed the “Devil’s advocate” for his defense of former Nazis, terrorist bombers and notorious dictators. Aug. 15.
Rosalia Mera, 69. Seamstress who co-founded a clothing store in Spain that grew into one of the world’s largest retail chains, she was Spain’s richest woman. Aug. 15.
Florin Cioaba, 58. King of the Gypsies, he was a member of the family that has led Romania’s embattled Roma minority since the 19th century. Aug. 18. Heart attack.
Albert Murray, 97. Influential novelist and critic who celebrated black culture, scorned black separatism and was once praised by Duke Ellington as the “unsquarest man I know.” Aug. 18.
Lee Thompson Young, 29. Actor who as a teen starred in “The Famous Jett Jackson” and was featured in the film “Friday Night Lights” and the TV series “Rizzoli & Isles.” Aug. 19. Apparent suicide.
Elmore Leonard, 87. Acclaimed crime novelist whose best-sellers and the movies made from them chronicled the violent deaths of many a thug. Aug. 20. Complications from a stroke.
C. Gordon Fullerton, 76. Former astronaut who flew on two space shuttle missions and had an extensive career as a research and test pilot for NASA and the Air Force. Aug. 21.
Julie Harris, 87. Much-honored Broadway performer whose roles ranged from the flamboyant Sally Bowles in “I Am a Camera” to the reclusive Emily Dickinson in “The Belle of Amherst.” Aug. 24.
Muriel “Mickie” Siebert, 84. She started as a trainee on Wall Street and became the first woman to own a seat on the New York Stock Exchange. Aug. 24.
Robert R. Taylor, 77. He put soap in pump bottles and forever changed the way people wash up. Aug. 29. Cancer.
Seamus Heaney, 74. Ireland’s foremost poet who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1995. Aug. 30.
David Frost, 74. Veteran broadcaster who won fame around the world for his interview with former President Richard Nixon. Aug. 31.
Judith Glassman Daniels, 74. She blazed a trail for women in the publishing world and became the first woman to serve as top editor of Life magazine. Sept. 1. Stomach cancer.
Ronald Coase, 102. Nobel Prize winner and a pioneer in applying economic theory to the law. Sept. 2.
Frederik Pohl, 93. Over decades he gained a reputation of being a literate and sophisticated writer of science fiction. Sept. 2.
Rochus Misch, 96. Adolf Hitler’s devoted bodyguard for most of World War II and the last remaining witness to the Nazi leader’s final hours in his Berlin bunker. Sept. 5.
Demetrius Newton, 85. Attorney who represented Rosa Parks and the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and became the first black person to serve as speaker pro tem of the Alabama House. Sept. 11.
Ray Dolby, 80. American inventor and audio pioneer who founded Dolby Laboratories. Sept. 12.
Chin Peng, 88. Tough former communist guerrilla who led a bloody but failed insurgency against British rule in Malaysia in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Sept. 16. Cancer.
Eiji Toyoda, 100. Member of Toyota’s founding family who helped create the super-efficient “Toyota Way” production method. Sept. 17.
Ken Norton, 70. Former heavyweight champion who beat Muhammad Ali and then lost a controversial decision to him in Yankee Stadium. Sept. 18.
Marcel Reich-Ranicki, 93. He grew up in Poland and Nazi Germany, survived the Warsaw Ghetto and went on to become postwar Germany’s best-known literary critic. Sept. 18.
Hiroshi Yamauchi, 85. He ran Nintendo for more than 50 years and led the Japanese company’s transition from traditional playing-card maker to video game giant. Sept. 19. Pneumonia.
Michael Moses Ward, 41. One of two survivors of the 1985 bombing of the militant group MOVE in a Philadelphia neighborhood. Sept. 20. Apparent drowning aboard a cruise ship.
Alvaro Mutis Jaramillo, 90. Prolific Colombian writer and poet. Sept. 22.
Oscar Espinosa Chepe, 72. Cuban economist and diplomat who broke with Fidel Castro’s government in the 1990s and was imprisoned for dissident activities. Sept. 23.
Ruth Patrick, 105. Scientist whose research on freshwater ecosystems led to groundbreaking ways to measure pollution in rivers and streams. Sept. 23.
Evelyn Lowery, 88. Pioneer in civil rights and women’s empowerment and the wife of the Rev. Joseph Lowery. Sept. 26.
Harold Agnew, 92. Former Los Alamos National Laboratory director who led the effort to train the first group of international atomic inspectors. Sept. 29.
Tom Clancy, 66. His high-tech, Cold War thrillers such as “The Hunt for Red October” and “Patriot Games” made him the most widely read and influential military novelist of his time. Oct. 1.
Abraham Nemeth, 94. Blind designer of the internationally recognized Nemeth Braille Math Code that simplified symbols for easier use in advanced math and science. Oct. 2.
Vo Nguyen Giap, 102. Brilliant, ruthless commander who led outgunned Vietnamese to victory first over the French and then the Americans. Oct. 4.
Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, 93. Spiritual leader of Israel’s Sephardic Jews who transformed immigrants from North Africa and Arab nations and their descendants into a political force. Oct. 7.
Mark “Chopper” Read, 58. One of Australia’s most notorious and colorful crime figures. Oct. 9. Cancer.
Stanley Kauffmann, 97. Film critic for The New Republic for 50 years, author of plays and fiction, and editor who helped discover the novels “Fahrenheit 451” and “The Moviegoer.” Oct. 9.
Scott Carpenter, 88. Second American to orbit the Earth and first person to explore both the heights of space and depths of the ocean. Oct. 10. Complications from a stroke.
Erich Priebke, 100. Former Nazi SS captain who evaded arrest for nearly 50 years after taking part in one of the worst atrocities by German occupiers in Italy during World War II. Oct. 11.
Wadih Safi, 92. Lebanese singer and composer whose strong, clear voice propelled him to fame throughout the Arab world. Oct. 11.
William H. Sullivan, 90. Diplomat who oversaw the “secret war” in Laos, helped negotiate an end to U.S. military involvement in Vietnam and was the last American ambassador to Iran. Oct. 11.
Takashi Yanase, 94. Creator of one of Japan’s most beloved cartoon characters, Anpanman. Oct. 13.
Hans Riegel, 90. Longtime boss of German candy maker Haribo who took the gummi bear to international fame. Oct. 15.
Ed Lauter, 74. Character actor whose long, angular face and stern bearing made him instantly recognizable in scores of movies and TV shows over five decades. Oct. 16. Mesothelioma.
Sein Win, 91. Renowned journalist in Myanmar who championed press freedom and endured three stints in prison as he chronicled several decades of his country’s turbulent history. Oct. 17.
Antonia Brenner, 86. American nun who was raised in Beverly Hills and abandoned a life of privilege to live in a notorious Mexican prison. Oct. 17.
Lou Scheimer, 84. He founded the Filmation animation studio that produced Saturday morning cartoons including “Fat Albert” and “The Archie Show.” Oct. 17.
Bum Phillips, 90. Folksy Texas football icon who coached the Houston Oilers during their Luv Ya Blue heyday and later led the New Orleans Saints. Oct. 18.
Tom Foley, 84. Courtly former speaker of the U.S. House who lost his seat when Republicans seized control of Congress in 1994. Oct. 18. Complications from a stroke.
Bill Young, 82. Senior Republican in the U.S. House and a defense hawk who was influential on military spending during his 43 years in Washington. Oct. 18.
William C. Lowe, 72. Former IBM executive credited with helping to bring personal computers to the masses. Oct. 19. Heart attack.
Major Owens, 77. New York City Democrat who served 12 terms in the U.S. House and helped pass the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Oct. 21. Renal failure and heart failure.
Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara, 100. Thailand’s Supreme Patriarch, who headed the country’s order of Buddhist monks for more than two decades. Oct. 24.
Lou Reed, 71. Punk poet of rock ‘n’ roll who profoundly influenced generations of musicians as leader of the Velvet Underground and remained a vital solo performer for decades after. Oct. 27.
Tadeusz Mazowiecki, 86. Eastern Europe’s first democratic prime minister after communism, key adviser to Poland’s Solidarity movement and U.N. human rights envoy to Bosnia. Oct. 28.
Ike Skelton, 81. He built a reputation as a military expert and social conservative during 34 years representing Missourians in the U.S. House. Oct. 28.
Editta Sherman, 101. Photographer known as the “Duchess of Carnegie Hall” while living in a studio over the auditorium for six decades. Nov. 1.
George Magovern, 89. Pittsburgh cardiovascular surgeon who pioneered artificial heart valves. Nov. 4.
Charlie Trotter, 54. Award-winning chef and self-taught culinary master whose namesake Chicago restaurant elevated the city’s cuisine and provided a training ground for top chefs. Nov. 5.
John Tavener, 69. British composer often remembered for the elegiac song performed as Princess Diana’s coffin was carried out of Westminster Abbey. Nov. 12.
Glafcos Clerides, 94. Former president who guided Cyprus into the European Union and dedicated most of his 50 years in politics to trying to reunify the ethnically split island. Nov. 15.
Barbara Park, 66. Former class clown who channeled her irreverence into the million-selling mishaps of grade-schooler Junie B. Jones. Nov. 15.
Doris Lessing, 94. Nobel Prize-winning, often-polarizing author of “The Golden Notebook” and other novels that reflected her own improbable journey across the former British empire. Nov. 17.
Merrell Williams Jr., 72. Onetime paralegal who took on Big Tobacco as a whistleblower who leaked internal documents exposing health risks and the addictiveness of cigarettes. Nov. 18.
Diane Disney Miller, 79. Walt Disney’s daughter and one of his inspirations for building the Disneyland theme park. Nov. 19.
Frederick Sanger, 95. British biochemist who twice won the Nobel Prize in chemistry and has been called the father of the genomic era. Nov. 19.
Joseph Paul Franklin, 63. White supremacist who targeted blacks and Jews in a cross-country killing spree from 1977 to 1980. Nov. 20. Executed.
Sylvia Browne, 77. Psychic who made frequent appearances on programs such as “Larry King Live” and “The Montel Williams Show.” Nov. 20.
Michael Weiner, 51. Labor lawyer who took over as head of the baseball players’ union four years ago and smoothed its contentious relationship with management. Nov. 21. Brain tumor.
Fred F. Scherer, 98. Painter who created vivid dioramas of animals and birds in natural scenes for the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. Nov. 25.
Jane Kean, 90. Performer who got her start in musical theater but was best known as Trixie alongside Jackie Gleason on a TV revival of “The Honeymooners.” Nov. 26.
Paul Walker, 40. Star of the “Fast & Furious” movie series. Nov. 30. Car crash.
Paul Crouch, 79. Televangelist who built what’s been called the world’s largest Christian broadcasting network. Nov. 30.
Edward J. “Babe” Heffron, 90. His World War II army service was recounted in the book and TV miniseries “Band of Brothers.” Dec. 1.
Heinrich Boere, 92. He murdered Dutch civilians as part of a Nazi Waffen SS hit squad during World War II but avoided justice for six decades. Dec. 1.
Andre Schiffrin, 78. Editor who gave readers Art Spiegelman, Michel Foucault and Studs Terkel before he was forced out of commercial publishing in a battle between profits and literature. Dec. 1. Pancreatic cancer.
Ahmed Fouad Negm, 84. Egypt’s “poet of the people” whose political verses in colloquial Arabic skewered the country’s leaders and inspired protesters from the 1970s to today. Dec. 3.
Nelson Mandela, 95. Colossus of the 20th century who emerged from 27 years in prison to negotiate an end to white minority rule in South Africa and became that nation’s first black president. Dec. 5.
Betty Quadracci, 75. Quad/Graphics Inc. co-founder who also was president of Milwaukee Magazine and a champion of the arts. Dec. 9.
Eleanor Parker, 91. She was nominated for Academy Awards three times for her portrayals of strong-willed women and played a scheming baroness in “The Sound of Music.” Dec. 9. Complications from pneumonia.
Jang Song Thaek, 67. Uncle of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, who was long considered the country’s No. 2 power. Dec. 12. Executed.
Wilfred Billey, 90. A Navajo Code Talker, whose words are inscribed on congressional medals given to his group and who fought to have a World War II comrade recognized for his service. Dec. 12.
Peter O’Toole, 81. Charismatic actor who achieved instant stardom as the title character of “Lawrence of Arabia” and was nominated eight times for an Academy Award. Dec. 14.
Joan Fontaine, 96. Academy Award-winning actress who found stardom playing naive wives in Alfred Hitchcock’s “Suspicion” and “Rebecca” and also was featured in films by Billy Wilder, Fritz Lang and Nicholas Ray. Dec. 15.
Harold Camping, 92. California preacher who used his evangelical radio ministry and billboards to predict the end of the world and then gave up public prophecy when his date-specific doomsdays did not come to pass. Dec. 15.
Ray Price, 87. One of country music’s most popular and influential singers and bandleaders who had more than 100 hits. Dec. 16.
Graham Mackay, 64. SABMiller PLC chairman who helped guide the company from a South African industrial conglomerate into one of the world’s biggest brewers. Dec. 18. Brain tumor.
Al Goldstein, 77. The publisher of Screw magazine who helped break down legal barriers against pornography and raged against politicians and organized religion. Dec. 19.
Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo, 79. A Mexican drug czar disgraced by his arrest and conviction for aiding a powerful drug cartel. Dec. 19.
John S.D. Eisenhower, 91. The son of a five-star general turned president who forged his own career in the U.S. Army and then chronicled the history of the American military in numerous books. Dec. 21.
Edgar M. Bronfman Sr., 84. The billionaire businessman and longtime president of the World Jewish Congress, which lobbied the Soviets to allow Jews to emigrate and helped spearhead the search for hidden Nazi loot. Dec. 21.
Mikhail Kalashnikov, 94. His work as a weapons designer for the Soviet Union is immortalized in the name of the world’s most popular firearm, the AK-47 assault rifle, which is often called “a Kalashnikov.” Dec. 23.